The number of men in rural China is many times higher than that of women, making the population crisis at risk of exacerbation.
In mid-October, the sign “Red Silk Matchmaking Center” was suddenly hung in front of a one-story house in a village in Biyang county, Henan province, central China. Chen Changqin, 60, decided to set up a matchmaking center at home to help solve the marriage crisis in the village.
The number of men of marriageable age in Bi Duong district is 10 times higher than that of women. Chen said dozens of people between the ages of 30 and 60 have signed up for his service, more than 80 percent of whom are men.
Most of the young women in the village work in the city, so Chen can only discuss matchmaking when they come home to visit. “Most women don’t want to get married in the countryside, so the success rate of matchmaking is very low,” he said.
The problem is not simply that women work far away, but also that this rural area has too many men.
According to China’s National Bureau of Statistics, in 2020, there are 34.9 million more men in the country than women, or 105.07 men to 100 women. The disparity is higher among people of marriageable age, between 20 and 40, with a ratio of 108.9 males per 100 females, meaning 17.52 million more males than females.
The problem of marriage becomes even more difficult in rural areas, where the custom of paying the bride’s bride’s bride’s bride’s wedding favor is still very strong. Nowadays, it is very common for a boy’s family to give a house and a car to a girl’s family.
According to a survey conducted by the Chinese government this summer in rural areas of at least seven provinces, men here can spend up to 2 million yuan ($312,000) to get married. Meanwhile, the average income of rural people is 17,000 yuan/year ($2,600).
“After coming to Beijing to work, I was able to find a girlfriend who was willing to consider marriage,” said the 31-year-old from a rural village in Shandong, who works for an event organization company. lawsuit in the capital, said. “As for my friends in the countryside, they only dream of dating a girl of the same generation, let alone getting married.”
It is also common to marry foreign women through matchmaking. Follow The Paper, marriages between rural Chinese men and Southeast Asian women began to increase in the 1990s. In 2019, more than 1,000 Chinese men in villages on the southern coast of the country were married to women. Southeast Asian women.
However, many foreign women from poor families have been tricked into being trafficked into China as wives, which is considered a form of human trafficking.
In July, China lifted the ban on having a third child. Even so, if the difficult situation in rural marriage persists, the already falling birth rate could fall even further, exacerbating the population crisis.
The government of Xiangyin county, Hunan province, in September urged women not to come to the city to find work, but to “work together to correct the male-female imbalance in their homeland”. When Hongxing News reported this, many social media users criticized the message of the Xiangyin government, saying that “women are not slaves”.
Huyen Le (Follow Yomiuri Shimbun)