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The US plans to build a space telescope of 11 billion USD

Astronomers propose to build a new telescope to replace Hubble with the ability to observe distant and super faint exoplanets.

The Hubble Space Telescope was in orbit in 1997. PHOTO: NASA

The Hubble Space Telescope was in orbit in 1997. PHOTO: NASA

The National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) publishes the Decade Survey of Astronomy and Astrophysics 2020, also known as Astro 2020. This report is released every 10 years and presents plans for the next decade in the field of astronomy in the United States.

Astro2020 gives priority to three main issues: finding exoplanets capable of harboring life, understanding the mysteries of the universe including dark matter and the expanding universe, and understanding the formation of galaxies. The report also recognizes the importance of increasing diversity, expanding reach in astronomy, and supporting those just starting out.

One of the most notable proposals is to build a new space telescope called the Great Observatory to replace Hubble, an aging space telescope that experienced a series of problems this year. The new telescope will work at optical, infrared and ultraviolet wavelengths and could be used for tasks such as observing distant exoplanets to see if they are suitable for life.

The Great Observatory will be a combination of two projects, the Habitable Exoplanet Observatory (HabEx) and NASA’s Large Ultraviolet Optical Infrared Surveyor (LUVOIR). At a cost of $11 billion, the Great Observatory will see distant planets 10 billion times fainter than their host stars.

“The new report sets out an ambitious yet inspiring and aspirational vision for the next decade of astronomy and astrophysics,” said Fiona Harrison, head of physics, mathematics, and astrophysics at the university. California Institute of Technology, said.

“By changing the way we plan for the most ambitious space projects, we can develop a rich portfolio of missions to pursue distant goals, such as searching for life on other planets. orbiting stars in space near the Milky Way,” added Harrison.

Thu Thao (Follow Digital Trends)

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