In the summer, Shakeela Bano, who lives in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, has to sleep many nights on the roof with mats, because it’s too hot inside.
Shakeela lives with her husband, daughter and three grandchildren in a room without windows. They only have one ceiling fan to combat the scorching heat. “We had many sleepless nights,” she said.
Climate change has caused many cities in India withstand temperatures up to 50 degrees Celsius in the summer. Close-knit and densely populated areas are severely affected by urban heat islands – materials such as concrete absorb and release heat, causing urban temperatures to rise higher than in suburban areas. Fort. At night the situation did not improve, even felt hotter.
In many homes like Shakeela’s, summer temperatures hit 46 degrees Celsius. The high temperatures make her dizzy, while the children develop rashes, heatstroke and diarrhea.
Traditional cooling methods such as drinking fermented milk and lemon juice no longer work. Instead, they have to borrow money to paint the roof white, because it can help reflect light better and reduce the indoor temperature by 3-4 degrees Celsius.
For Shakeela, the difference is huge when her house becomes cooler. “Before he couldn’t sleep in the afternoon. But now he can sleep well,” she said, pointing at her sleeping grandson.
The city of Ahmedabad, India is not the only place experiencing extreme heat. Sidi Fadoua said he was used to the heat, but the heat in the West African country Mauritania Sometimes it’s too much for many people to bear.
“It’s hot like fire,” Sidi said.
Sidi, 44, lives in a small village near the edge of the Sahara. He worked in the nearby salt mines. This work is inherently hard and becomes more difficult under the scorching heat due to the effects of climate change. “We can’t stand such temperatures. We’re not machines,” he said.
To avoid temperatures that could reach 45 degrees Celsius, Sidi had to start working at midnight. The job outlook is increasingly bleak. Those who used to be cattle farmers could not continue, when the plants that were the food for sheep and goats were no longer available.
Like many of her neighbours, Sidi had to migrate to the coastal city of Nouadhibou, where sea breezes keep the air cooler.
“People are pouring in here,” Sidi said. “They can’t stand the heat any longer.”
In Nouadhibou, Sidi hopes to find work in the fishing industry. But as more and more people come here to escape the heat, job opportunities will be few. Song Sidi still hopes to be lucky.
Patrick Michell first noticed disturbing changes in the forests of British Columbia, Canada from more than 30 years ago. The water levels of the rivers have decreased, while the fungus is no longer proliferating.
This summer, his fears came true, as North America suffered a severe heat wave. On June 29, his hometown Lytton recorded a record temperature of 49.6 degrees Celsius. The next day, his wife sent a photo of the thermometer at 53 degrees Celsius. An hour later, the town was submerged in Fire sea.
He was used to forest fires. But climate change has made fires even scarier. “These aren’t wildfires anymore, they’re like hell,” he said.
However, Patrick is optimistic that this is an opportunity to rebuild Lytton with a better living environment.
“When I was little, the weather wasn’t like that,” said Joy, who lives in the Niger Delta in Nigeria, To share. This area is one of the most polluted in the world and the temperature is increasing.
Joy feeds her family by using the heat from the gas burner to dry cassava and sell it at the market. But gas towers are partly to blame for the region’s problems. Oil companies use gas-fired towers to process gas that escapes from the ground when drilling for oil. Gas burning towers about 6 meters high are a significant source of global CO2 emissions, contributing to climate change.
Climate change has wreaked havoc here. The fertile lands in the north were turned into deserts, while flash floods hit the southern regions.
“Most people here can’t explain why the climate is changing so quickly, but we suspect it’s because the gas towers work non-stop,” Joy said.
She wants the government to ban gas towers, even as she relies on them to support her family.
Joy and her family are among the 98 million people living in poverty in Nigeria. They earn just over 5 USD for 5 working days. She is not optimistic about the future. “I think life on Earth is coming to an end,” she said.
Six years ago, Om Naief started planting trees in a desert next to a highway. Retired civil servant in Kuwait, she worries about increasingly extreme summer temperatures and worsening dust storms.
“I talked to several officials. They all said you can’t grow anything in the sand,” she said. “I wanted to do something to make them change their mind.”
Om lives in the Middle East, which is warming much faster than the rest of the world. Kuwait regularly records temperatures of more than 50 degrees Celsius. Some projections suggest that the average temperature here will increase by 4 degrees Celsius by 2050. But Kuwait’s economy is dependent on fossil fuel exports. .
The two plots of land planted by Mrs. Om are modest in size, but they serve a purpose. “Trees can fight dust, remove pollution, clean the air and help lower temperatures,” she said.
Hedgehogs and long-tailed lizards now frequent Om’s little “forest”. “There’s fresh water and shade. That’s a wonderful thing.”
Some Kuwaitis are now calling for the government to plant a large-scale green belt, in the hope that the country is ready to fight climate change. Om says they have to protect the land and can’t let it dry.
“The current heat is quite unusual,” she concluded. “This is the land of our forefathers. We must protect it because it has given us so much.”
Thanh Tam (Follow BBC)