Dr. Nguyen Trong Hung, Head of the Adult Nutrition Counseling Department, National Institute of Nutrition, said the lungs are a particularly important organ and this is also a vulnerable organ to many viruses. everyday bacteria, not just Covid-19 .
Dr. Hung said that many people after contracting Covid-19, the respiratory organs, including the lungs, may be affected. Patients need to supplement with nutrition and exercise to restore health. However, during the recovery process, the patient should choose foods that are good for the lungs that have been researched and proven by science, which are:
1. Green vegetables
Until now, cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, spinach, kale, broccoli, cauliflower, … contain antioxidants, which help the body eliminate toxins. These are options for people who want to keep their lungs healthy.
Cauliflower has nutrients and minerals that help prevent cancer, strengthen the immune system, and destroy disease-causing bacteria in the lungs. An ingredient found in this vegetable is being considered as a treatment for lung diseases.
Recently, researchers have identified an active chemical in the lungs called NRF2, which is involved in macrophage (white blood cell) activity. These cells move away “garbage” and bacteria that can build up and cause disease in the lungs.
Cabbage has the effect of clearing heat, detoxifying and reducing cough, very suitable for patients with pneumonia. In addition, patients with inflammation can also use a lot of cabbage with a reasonable diet to help reduce inflammation.
Cruciferous vegetables are good for the lungs. Illustration.
According to Dr. Hung, fruits are good for the lungs, typically strawberries, grapefruit and apples. Strawberry is one of the fruits rich in antioxidants, containing polyphenols anthocyanins, beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, which help protect the lungs from pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, …
Grapefruit contains many essential minerals and vitamins such as vitamin C, vitamin B6, folic acid and magnesium, which bring many benefits to the lungs, helping to protect the lungs from infection and increasing overall immunity. In addition, grapefruit also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which help improve lung function in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Apples have an antioxidant compound called quercetin that protects the lungs from the harmful effects of air pollution and cigarette smoke. Quercetin is also found in red wine, tea, and onions.
3. Supplement nuts
Cashews, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, almonds, walnuts… all provide the body with a large amount of minerals and magnesium – essential substances that relax the smooth muscle that surrounds the lungs. bronchi, thereby dilating the bronchi, making it easier for air to pass through the airways to the alveoli.
Incorporating seeds and whole grains such as brown rice, oats and whole wheat in the diet can help reduce the risk of chronic lung diseases and improve respiratory health, said Dr. Hung said.
4. The spice group is good for the lungs
Your kitchen will surely have many different spices, but the spices that have been proven good for the lungs include the following 3 spices.
Garlic: According to Dr. Hung, garlic bulbs contain an active substance called allicin. This substance fights infections and reduces inflammation in the lungs. Garlic also has antioxidant properties, contains a lot of selenium, which helps to remove free radicals from the body. This helps prevent lung cancer. Garlic is also good for asthmatics and people suffering from any lung infections.
Ginger: This spice is easy to incorporate into your meals to add flavor and boost health. The anti-inflammatory function of ginger will clear the remaining pollutants in the lungs – the cause of health problems in the lungs.
Turmeric: Turmeric helps reduce pneumonia because of its anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, turmeric contains a substance called curcumin that helps eliminate carcinogens.
In addition, you should drink enough water because water increases blood circulation to the organs, including the lungs. This helps to remove toxins and keep the lungs healthy.
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