In the last years of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the world was in chaos, the era was heroic. There were countless heroes and heroes appearing in this period. In the race for power, only the three strongest forces rose to the top, namely Cao Wei, Shu Han and Dong Ngo. Representing and being the “boss” of these three forces are Cao Cao, Liu Bei and Sun Quan.
The battles of wits and strength between these three ‘bosses’ contributed to a tumultuous Three Kingdoms period.
Among these three monarchs, Cao Cao is considered a special character. Although he did not come from a famous family, Cao Cao gradually established an inheritance for the Cao Wei dynasty during the chaotic Three Kingdoms period with his own strategy, bravery, and military strength.
It can be said that Cao Cao holds the strongest power in the Three Kingdoms and is considered a very influential historical figure.
Apple Cao is an outstanding politician in the history of the Three Kingdoms.
Cao Cao has an outstanding military strategy. He participated in many battles, defeated the vassals in turn, unified the vast North, and consolidated his growing power.
But there is a question that Cao Cao has won many battles, even mastering a large territory, why didn’t he become emperor himself?
The reason Cao Cao is determined not to call himself emperor is for the following reasons.
Three reasons why Cao Cao did not claim to be emperor
First, Cao Cao used the strategy of “supporting the son of heaven to signal the vassals”. The reason Cao Cao was able to hold power under one man and over ten thousand people in the world, was thanks to this strategy.
Although the Eastern Han Dynasty was weakened in the last stage, the emperor was still considered the ultimate position, having great influence on people in the world. Therefore, if Cao Cao claimed to be the emperor, it would certainly be known as a traitor, leading to disobedience of the people. If he did not have such a favorable name, then why would Cao Cao choose to be emperor?
Moreover, in order to complete the great cause of unifying the world, when participating in war, one must have a righteous reputation to gain the advantage and attract talented people. Therefore, the fact that Cao Cao worshiped and supported “the son of heaven” to command the vassals was an important and comprehensive strategy to help this monarch achieve so much success.
“Supporting the Son of Heaven to command the vassals” was a strategy that brought many successes to Cao Cao.
Second, The obvious lesson from Yuan Shao’s failure made Cao Cao become cautious. Although Vien Thieu was very strong in military force, he offended the world, and ended up being defeated. Even though Cao Cao was in power, he did not dare to act rashly when he saw that powerful forces like Vien Thieu could not avoid a catastrophic outcome after quelling the rebellion.
In fact, the flag was the most important condition in the political struggle of the Three Kingdoms period. Moreover, ever since the beginning of the army to quell the rebellion, defeating Dong Zhuo, Yuan Shu, Lu Bo, seducing Truong Tu, fighting Vien Thieu…, Cao Cao always used the name of serving the Eastern Han Dynasty and a noble example. Righteous flags are meant to fight off pirates. Therefore, if you throw away that flag, what does Cao Cao rely on to win the hearts of the people?
Tuesday, It was completely unnecessary for Cao Cao to declare himself emperor. Because anyway, the emperor of the Eastern Han Dynasty at that time was just a puppet, having a nameless name, while Cao Cao held real power in the court. Instead of becoming emperor, Cao Cao focused his energy on conquering Shu Han and Dong Ngo, thereby unifying the world.
When Sun Quan expressed his wish for Cao Cao to become emperor, Cao Cao once said about claiming to be emperor: “If you are weak by heaven’s destiny, only let me be a Chu Van Vuong”.
The answer shows Cao Cao’s wisdom but also full of hidden meanings. The monarch himself made it clear that he did not intend to usurp the throne, but at the same time did not rule out the possibility that his descendants could later become emperors and change the dynasty. Cao Cao’s careful preparation and calculations in reality later turned out to be correct. Because his son, Cao Phi, was indeed convenient to become emperor.
Careful consideration of the actual situation, along with a keen political vision, is why Cao Cao did not declare himself emperor to avoid troubles both inside and outside. He gradually built up his influence, creating a great foundation for his son Cao Phi, who later founded the Cao Wei dynasty.
Article referenced source: Sohu, Sina
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