Brachiosaurus dinosaur, just vomiting can kill you already!
Brachiosaurus was a four-legged dinosaur with its front legs longer than its hind legs. These unusually large forelimbs together with a very long neck gave Brachiosaurus a body of 12-16 m tall.
The body of the Brachiosaurus was about 85 feet (26 m) long and weighed about 33-88 tons. Brachiosaurus is a herbivorous animal, they will swallow food whole without chewing, digesting the plants in the intestines.
Brachiosaurus is an unusual dinosaur that lived 155.7 million to 150.8 million years ago during the mid to late Jurassic period. Specimens are mainly found in the fossil-rich Morrison Formation of North America, but this dinosaur was unlike any other that roamed the area. Its long neck makes it look like a giraffe, and its front legs are longer than its hind legs. In fact, the name Brachiosaurus means “arm lizard”.
Brachiosaurus may have been a warm-blooded animal. Some models suggest that Brachiosaurus and other sauropods (long-necked dinosaurs) were giant animals – animals whose enormous size allowed them to keep their body temperatures high. Calculations based on this theory indicate that their body temperature can reach 113 degrees Fahrenheit (45 degrees Celsius).
However, in 2011, researchers were able to directly calculate the temperature of the dinosaurs as 100.8 F (38.2 C), by measuring the ratios of certain isotopes (the atoms of elements with different numbers of neutrons) in Brachiosaurus teeth. Research published in the journal Science shows that Brachiosaurus possessed behavioral and biological mechanisms to maintain a stable body temperature, such as having a lower metabolism as an adult.
Paleontologists once believed that Brachiosaurus lived primarily in water, partly because its nostrils were located at the top of its egg-shaped head. But this may not be correct for a number of reasons. First, sauropods have air-filled sacs inside their bodies, which would make them buoyant and unstable if they entered deep water, according to a 2004 study in the journal Biology Letters.
Instead, Brachiosaurus was a dinosaur that lived entirely on land, and even they could only adapt to lowland areas because they were too tall and unsuitable for moving in places with high altitudes. difficult terrain such as hills, according to a 2014 study in the Journal of Theoretical Biology.
How did Brachiosaurus defend itself?
Brachiosaurus most likely defended itself by smashing predators with its tail or legs because it had no other way to defend itself. However, in terms of body structure through the fossils that have been discovered, the tail of this species is short and small compared to the whole body, so the force generated from the tail blows will not be too great, because so defending by tail wagging doesn’t seem feasible.
Unlike most other sauropods, Brachiosaurus had long forelimbs that caused its back to be tilted. If its neck were to come out of the body in a straight line, as is now believed, this would result in an upward tendency of the body, although the exact angle and flexibility of the neck remained. is still being debated. Therefore, it will be extremely difficult and not very feasible for them to raise their body to smash their front legs against a predator.
Therefore, many people think that because the body of Brachiosaurus is so large, it is possible that predators will ignore them and choose dinosaurs of smaller size. However, this seems quite absurd because when looking at today’s ecosystems, all animals from large to small have their own defense mechanisms. Even the African savannah elephant, the largest land animal today, also has a special defense mechanism that does not rely on the single factor of size.
Therefore, many have hypothesized that this species took advantage of its huge size and long neck to create puddles for defensive purposes.
To see if this is really possible, let’s assume that a Brachiosaurus was 14 meters tall at its mouth, and its vomit weighed about 50 kilograms. At that time, under pressures generated from within the body along with a height of 14 meters, scientists were able to calculate that the force generated from such vomit of Brachiosaurus dinosaur would reach about 68,600 Newtons (equivalent to 7 tons).
And this is more than enough to kill you, or crush the bones of small carnivores, enough to injure medium and large carnivorous dinosaurs.
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