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Russian scientists turn nuclear waste into ceramic

Russian scientists turn nuclear waste into ceramic
Nuclear waste is usually stored in yellow metal containers. Photo: DPA

Nuclear energy is considered one of the cleanest energy sources with low carbon emissions. However, the use of this type of energy still faces opposition in some countries because of concerns about radioactive waste – a by-product of nuclear energy.

Waste from nuclear energy is a mixture of substances such as radioactive elements, wood, cloth and paper. To minimize the impact of these materials on the environment and prevent the release of harmful substances into the atmosphere, scientists from Russia’s Far Eastern Federal University in cooperation with the Belarusian National Institute of General Chemistry have Think of a safe and effective method for storing and disposing of radioactive waste. That is turning these waste materials into ceramic.

Citing the research team’s press release, Sputnik reported that the innovative technology is based on a new type of absorber that can concentrate radioactive nuclides in different materials and turn them into ceramics by means of agglomeration. special heat.

“The ceramic products created can be used for the space industry, medicine and various industries. It can be said that the application of manufacturing medical devices, such as X-ray machines, equipment for radiation therapy. Ceramic materials are also used as the basis for electric current devices, such as nuclear batteries,” the press release reads.

Besides, new technology helps to clean contaminated water effectively and safely. Under water, the synthetic absorber acts as a magnet for the radionuclides. Therefore, toxic radioactive components will be separated from the water.

According to Artur Drankov, one of the study’s authors, absorbers in radiochemistry can not only separate radionuclides from materials, but also ensure maximum safety when handling them.

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