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Respect international law in the East Sea

South China Sea issue in Japan-India summit
The South China Sea is one of the issues discussed by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi (left) and his Japanese counterpart Kishida Fumio during talks on March 19 in New Delhi. (Source: AP)

Peaceful settlement of disputes

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Kishida Fumio held talks in New Delhi, March 19.

Topics of discussion between the two leaders included the India-China border conflict and confrontation, New Delhi’s actions in negotiating with Beijing to resolve the dispute, and Japan’s vision Report on China’s activities in the East China Sea and East Seathe situation in Myanmar and cooperation of the countries of the Quartet (Quad).

The joint statement of the two Prime Ministers emphasized that India and Japan, as the two leading powers in the Indo-Pacific region, have a common interest in the security of maritime assets, self-reliance. by maritime and aviation as well as the peaceful settlement of disputes.

Japan has a territorial dispute with China in the East China Sea, while India is concerned about Beijing’s growing assertiveness in the South China Sea.

The two sides reaffirmed their determination to continue attaching importance to the role of international law, especially the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), in order to promote cooperation, including in the field of maritime security. maritime law, to resolve issues that impede the rules-based maritime order in the East and South China Seas.

Leaders Modi and Kishida also emphasized the importance of demilitarization and self-restraint in the region.

Supporting the role of ASEAN

The two Prime Ministers called for the full and effective implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC) and the prompt completion of a substantial and effective Code of Conduct in the East Sea (COC), in line with the international law without prejudice to the rights and interests of all States, including those not participating in these negotiations.

India and Japan reaffirmed their strong support for ASEAN centrality in the region and full support for the ASEAN Vision for the Indo-Pacific region.

Expressing concern over the situation in Myanmar, India and Japan called for an end to violence across Myanmar. The two Prime Ministers reaffirmed their support for ASEAN’s efforts to find a solution in Myanmar and welcomed Cambodia’s active participation as ASEAN Chair 2022 to break the deadlock.

The leaders of Japan and India called on Myanmar to urgently implement the 5-point ASEAN Consensus reached by 2021.

To promote peace, security and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific region, the two Prime Ministers reaffirmed the importance of bilateral and multilateral partnerships among like-minded countries in the region. , including quadrilateral cooperation between the US, Japan, India and Australia.

The two Prime Ministers agreed that Tokyo and New Delhi are more likely to cooperate in efforts to implement the Indo-Pacific Initiative launched by the Indian government in 2019 and the Indo-Pacific Vision. Free and open ocean by the Japanese government.

The leaders welcomed the Quad leadership summits to take place in March and September 2021, respectively.

The two Prime Ministers Modi and Kishida reaffirmed their commitment to achieve the outcomes of the positive and constructive agenda set forth by the Quartet, especially on the efforts to provide Covid-19 vaccine, cooperate in development and cooperation. important and emerging technologies, climate action, infrastructure coordination, cybersecurity, space and education.

Within the framework of this 14th annual Japan-India Summit, New Delhi and Tokyo have reached a number of agreements, including a memorandum of understanding on cooperation in the field of cybersecurity, development sustainability and cooperation in the field of wastewater management.

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