Patchy rash covers the whole body, young men pay the price for indiscriminate sex
A young man (22 years old, in Hanoi) came to the clinic because of erythema on his torso and was diagnosed with an STD due to unsafe sex.
Getting sick from unprotected sex
The patient found a rash appeared on his body, so he did a quick home test for syphilis, the result was positive. The confused young man should go to the hospital to check and confirm the diagnosis.
When examined, this young man said he had had unprotected sex many times, the last time about 2-3 months ago.
About more than 1 month before the time of examination, the patient noticed a red rash on the flanks on both sides, the scrotum and hair loss.
The patient’s psychology was initially subjective and did not go to the doctor because the red rash was not itchy, not painful and the patient himself did not show signs of fatigue and fever.
But then the erythema gradually disappeared leaving patchy spots on the skin, because of strange symptoms, the patient went online to read and learn about the condition of the rash, decided to quickly test for syphilis and got a positive result. then go to the hospital to check.
With the history, clinical signs and examination experience, the doctor makes a preliminary diagnosis to monitor syphilis and assigns the patient to do tests to confirm the diagnosis: confirmatory RPR test. quantitative and quantitative TPPA.
And then, the results returned both indicators were positive, the doctor diagnosed the patient with syphilis.
For timely treatment and prevention of complications, the patient is prescribed a treatment regimen, advised on nutritional regimens to improve health, and advised on a scientific lifestyle.
|Manifestations of syphilis. Illustrated photo.|
Warning signs of the body having syphilis
Dr. Le Thi Lan Anh – Dermatology Specialist, Medlatec General Hospital, who directly examines patients, said: Syphilis is an infectious disease mainly transmitted through sexual activity, caused by Treponema pallidum bacteria. .
Syphilis bacteria enter the body directly through many ways such as unprotected sex (Sex with high-risk subjects – service providers, homosexual sex…) , or through scratches on the skin and mucous membranes in contact with secretions from syphilis lesions.
People at high risk of contracting the disease when having unprotected sex, having many sex partners, having sex with men, etc.
In addition, syphilis is also transmitted from mother to child, through blood, skin contact, ie when skin lesions come in contact with mucus, blood … carrying spirochetes of syphilis at a very high risk of infection.
According to Dr. Lan Anh, this disease is divided into 3 stages including syphilis stage 1, 2 and stage 3. In addition, the cases have no clinical manifestations, only accidentally detected through routine screening tests. It is called latent syphilis (or latent syphilis).
In stage 1, symptoms of syphilis usually appear 10 days to 3 months after the patient is exposed to the bacteria that cause syphilis with visible signs of one or more syphilis chancres appearing on the glans, penis. body, scrotum in males or the edge of the vulva, labia majora and labia minora in females.
In stage 2, the patient develops a skin rash that causes small, red-brown sores, sores in the mouth, vagina or anus, fever, headache, hair loss, muscle pain.
This male patient has a patchy red rash on his body, accompanied by hair loss, which means he has one of the typical signs of syphilis and a positive syphilis test result should be confirmed the diagnosis of stage syphilis. paragraph 2.
If the disease is not examined and treated in time, it will turn to the latent stage, at which time the patient will have no symptoms, but the virus still exists in the body and may progress to the late stage.
At that time, the consequences will be incalculable to health such as affecting the ability to have children, quality of life and problems with the brain, nervous system, stroke…
How to prevent disease?
Syphilis is a common social disease, considered the second most dangerous disease after HIV-AIDS, so to prevent the disease, you should do the following:
– Building a healthy sex life, faithful monogamous husband and wife.
– Safe sex: Use condoms when having sex, use correctly and regularly, use 100% condoms when having sex with high-risk subjects.
– Cleaning the intimate area clean, especially before and after sex will help you prevent syphilis and other infectious diseases.
Periodic health check-up is the earliest way to prevent and detect syphilis.
Syphilis can be passed from mother to fetus in the womb through the placenta or vagina. Therefore, before becoming pregnant, women should have regular check-ups at hospitals to know if they have syphilis or other infectious diseases.
– Practice safe and healthy activities: Exercise regularly, eat a balanced diet, and rest properly.
– In addition, to avoid syphilis infection should limit direct contact with blood, or personal belongings of the sick person.
Syphilis in men is difficult to diagnose and easy to ignore. Therefore, when a patient suspects that he or she has symptoms of syphilis, he should immediately visit a medical facility for a timely diagnosis and treatment. Or go for regular health check-ups every 6 months or 1 year.
In case the patient is in the treatment phase, be careful not to have sex or use safety measures;
Increase nutrition, green vegetables, fruits rich in vitamin C, drink a lot of water, especially orange juice, lemon juice…;
Rest, limit stress, insomnia; Daily exercise improves resistance; And re-check the quantitative RPR and TPPA tests after 6, 12, and 24 months of treatment to assess the effectiveness of treatment.
at Blogtuan.info – Source: infonet.vietnamnet.vn – Read the original article here