This is the northernmost region of Quebec, in a region known as Nunavik. Back in 1950, this area was covered in newspapers around the globe and was considered the eighth wonder of the world. Not because of the wasteland, and not because of any man-made structures, but because of the different geological features.
The Pingualuit Crater, located in Canada and nestled right in the tundra of the Ungava Peninsula in northernmost Quebec, is known for its perfectly circular crater formed by the impact of a meteorite that occurred on Earth. land over a million years ago. In addition to being one of the deepest lakes in North America, it is also considered to be the clearest and purest lake in the world, with a view of more than 35 meters.
This vast basin was first identified by the crew of a US Air Force plane in June 1943, but its image was only made public in 1950. Before that, the crater was only known. known by the local Inuit, who named it “Crystal Eye of Nunavik” or “Crystal Eye”.
However, as soon as the modern world learned of its existence, this crater was renamed many times. It was originally called “Chubb Crater” by a diamond hunter and the first person to organize an expedition there – Frederick W. Chubb. Chubb hopes that the crater is from an extinct volcano, in which case the area could contain diamond deposits similar to South Africa. Thus, he and geologist V. Ben Meen of the Royal Ontario Museum made a short airlift to the crater with Chubb in 1950; It was during this trip that Meen proposed the names “Cetter of Chubb” and “Museum Lake” for the unusual body of water about 3.2 kilometers north of the crater (known today as Lake Laflamme).
Upon his return, Meen organized a niche expedition in partnership with the National Geographic Society and the Royal Ontario Museum. They arrived at the site in a PBY Catalina flying boat in July 1951, landing in nearby Museum Lake. Attempts to find nickel-iron fragments from meteorites using mine detectors loaned by the US Army. However, this search was unsuccessful because the granite in the area contains a lot of magnetite.
However, a magnetometer survey found a magnetic anomaly under the northern rim of the crater, suggesting that a large amount of metal-bearing material was buried below the surface. Quebec Department of GeographyMeen then led a second expedition to the crater in 1954. That same year, its name was changed to “Cratère du Nouveau-Quebec” – “New Quebec Crater” at the request of the Department of Geography. Quebec manager. It was only in 1999 that it was renamed “Pingualuit”, which can be translated as “where the Earth rises”. The crater and surrounding area are now part of Pingualuit National Park.
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