The city of Hanoi said that it will continue to sell 600 old villas on the list of sold, state-owned, unfinished sales, in accordance with the law, in order to create capital to carry out the project. renovating, embellishing and rebuilding the historic inner city with old houses, old villas and other architectural works.
Hanoi city has just issued a decision on “Solutions to promote the management and use of public villas built before 1954 in Hanoi city, period 2021 – 2025”.
Degraded, not maintained or repaired
According to the regulations, villas under the management of this regulation are classified into 3 groups, including group 1 (70-100 points) are villas classified as historical and cultural relics according to the provisions of law. on cultural heritage; villas associated with revolution – resistance are ranked by competent state agencies; The villa has special architectural value (from 30 to 35 points in terms of architectural and artistic value).
Old villa, old villa in Hanoi. Photo: Documentation
According to information from the Hanoi People’s Committee, there are currently 1,216 villas in the area, including 367 state-owned villas, 732 mixed-owned villas between the state and households or between households and households. together; 117 privately owned villas.
367 state-owned villas, including villas of the Office of the Party Central Committee, the Department of Diplomatic Service of the Union (Ministry of Foreign Affairs), other agencies of the Central Government and the city, of management companies management house, there are 177 villas in group 1; 131 group 2 villas; 59 villas group 3.
Regarding difficulties in management, the City People’s Committee said that the quality of many villas has deteriorated, there is not enough funding for maintenance, renovation and repair. Most of the villas were built over 100 years; Many villas are not maintained and repaired regularly, so they are degraded and damaged, causing unsafety for users.
In the previous period (from 1954 to before 2009), old villas were only considered as houses, the state did not have mechanisms and policies to preserve and embellish; the list and documents on state management of renovation, repair, demolition, construction, conservation and embellishment of French villa houses have not yet been issued; In the process of distributing, arranging, leasing and using villa houses, many households have encroached, planned the area of yards, gardens, common paths, and illegally and illegally built, renovated, and transformed. villa type.
A part of organizations and individuals that use villa houses are not fully aware of the meaning and importance of preserving and promoting the values of old villa houses. have not actively coordinated with the authorities to implement, there are cases of questioning that the villa house being used is not valuable for conservation.
Because many people manage, own and use the villa, it is very difficult to determine the responsibility and obligation to contribute funds for maintenance, renovation and repair, and households still rely on the state. , the rent collected is not enough to repair and maintain the villa.
Villa houses are managed and used by many agencies, organizations and individuals, so in many cases, there were no management records in the past. update on the state of change, on demolition, renovation and rebuilding.
Some district and ward authorities have not paid enough attention to the management of construction order, in some cases, organizations and individuals are managing and using villas intentionally demolishing, renovating, and constructing villas. Without permission, violations of construction order in the villa have not been prevented and handled by the authorities in a timely manner.
The City People’s Committee also assessed that the management, exploitation, rental and sale of state-owned villas are not really effective.
Accordingly, at present, only Hanoi Housing Service One Member Company Limited effectively exploits 8 villas assigned to manage at market prices. As for the Hanoi Housing Development and Management Company Limited and the Housing and Urban Development Investment Corporation, the Ministry of National Defense only manages, leases and sells state-owned villas to the beneficiaries. Previously distributed, arranged and leased houses are currently enjoying the rental and purchase of houses according to the regimes and policies of the state prescribed by Decree No. 61.
The fund of specialized villas (not for living) is managed by Hanoi Housing Development and Management One Member Company Limited; The fund of specialized villas and houses managed by agencies and units of the Central Government and the city, used as headquarters, production and business establishments, etc., has not been effectively exploited according to the market mechanism, because There is no mechanism and policy on auction of rental rights and one-off payments for 207 state-owned villas in the list of unsold villas (currently, the Government has assigned the Ministry of Finance to study and build submit to the Government for promulgation a separate Decree on the management of the fund of special-use houses and villas), so the values of land rent and benefits of state-owned land have not been exploited in urban embellishment and reconstruction. economic, cultural and social development.
Review, sell or rent villas in accordance with the law
Regarding solutions, the Hanoi People’s Committee said that it is necessary to issue mechanisms, policies, amend and supplement regulations to strengthen the management of public villas in the city in association with the implementation of Good content on anti-corruption, thrift practice, and anti-waste.
Regarding mechanisms and policies, the City People’s Committee said that it is necessary to amend and supplement the Capital Law with the contents of old villas, old houses and other architectural works.
Specifically, completing the legal framework on urban renovation, embellishment and reconstruction; improve the cooperation mechanism between the state and the private sector in the implementation of urban renovation, embellishment and reconstruction; encourage the public-private partnership mechanism in the implementation of urban renovation, embellishment and reconstruction.
The city has measures to encourage and support people to invest in, renovate, embellish and rebuild houses in old quarters and old streets according to regulations on management of planning – old town architecture, old town and design. urban; support and incentives for the renovation, restoration and preservation of architectural works of cultural and historical value (ancient houses, old villas and other architectural works…).
Along with that, effectively coordinate and control the use of added value from land rent, ensuring the harmony of interests of the State, enterprises and people in the process of urban renovation, embellishment and reconstruction. market; develop and encourage a land collection and adjustment mechanism for urban reconstruction, especially in the historic inner city. Research and build a unified database system on land and assets in historical inner cities.
The city may bid and lease state-owned old villas for tourism business, cultural, art and culinary services; may auction and sell old villas, except for works of special value or works with high rental efficiency, associated with commitments on preserving, embellishing and maintaining the works.
Regarding the creation of capital sources to carry out the renovation, embellishment and reconstruction of the historic inner city for old houses, old villas and other architectural works, the city said that it will rely on the following sources: capital, including:
Firstly, continue to sell 600 old villas on the list of for sale, state-owned, unfinished sale, currently managed and leased by Hanoi Housing Development and Management One Member Company Limited according to the provisions of law. provisions of the Law on Housing 2014; Decree No. 99/2015 of the Government; Decree No. 30/2021 of the Government amending and supplementing a number of articles of Decree No. 99/2015 of the Government.
Secondly, the city will review the list of 207 old state-owned villas on the list of villas that cannot be sold in the Villa Management Scheme to determine the subject of management of agencies and organizations. .U and the city are managing, using or renting as headquarters, production and business facilities, for processing.
Specifically, building an auction or auction for 10 – 15 years rental at market prices, paying one time for 34 special-use villas managed by Hanoi Housing Development and Management One Member Company Limited. 1 part or the whole villa.
The city will also study and adjust the list of villas that are not for sale in the Villa Management Scheme (reviewing 105 old state-owned villas managed by the city, currently using interlacing agency offices). and houses of households) to develop a plan to move agencies or organizations, then, organize auctions or auctions for 10 – 15 years lease at market prices, with one-time payment; will issue a mechanism to support organizations and individuals participating in the renovation, embellishment and reconstruction of old houses, old villas, and other valuable architectural works in the historic inner city.
Regarding the group of technical solutions, the city said, implementing Program No. 03 of the City Party Committee on urban embellishment and urban economy, based on the proposal of the Department of Construction, the City People’s Committee will consider and issue plan and list of 20 villas (taken from the list of 32 villas) managed by the city; a list of 10 other architectural works (taken from the list of 12 works); a list of 30 villas managed by the Central Government (taken from the list of 50 villas) for conservation and embellishment in the 2021 – 2025 period according to Program No. 03.
Along with that, the city continues to direct the Department of Construction, Department of Planning and Economics to study, issue sample designs, guide, appraise and approve to assign professional units to ensure synchronization of planning, architecture, aesthetics, construction quality. Completing and displaying, publicizing detailed planning, urban design, sample design of old houses, old villas, and other valuable architectural works in historical inner cities and inner city districts to all organizations and individuals know and participate in criticism, implementation….
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