The prince of the Qing Dynasty also had a headache because the pressure of studying was not inferior to today’s students
In the history of the Qing Dynasty, the newly born aristocracy had a golden spoon in his mouth, thinking that he would have a happy and idle life, but this is not the case.
It is true that the descendants of the Royal Family do not need to worry about money, but they are extremely pressured by education, even heavier than students today.
Do you know how many days a year Princes get to rest?
There is no winter break, no summer vacation, no holidays or weekends. A whole year can only rest 6 days: the Emperor has 2 days off on his birthday, 1 day off on the first day of the year, 1 day off for the Lunar New Year, 1 day off in the Mid-Autumn Festival, 1 day off for his birthday. On the night of the thirtieth New Year’s Eve, I still have to go to class to study (it can be dismissed earlier than on weekdays).
In the old dynasties, the Princes received extremely strict upbringing, especially those belonging to the Ai Xin Giac La clan of the Qing Dynasty.
Unlike some Ming emperors, there was no interest in educating his emperor. After the death of Minh Quang Tong Chu Thuong Lac, the eldest son Chu Do Hieu (later Minh Hy Tong) inherited the great career, but he did not know a word in half, did not focus on education, was called by posterity. “The illiterate emperor”.
Perhaps learning from lessons in the Ming dynasty, the Qing Dynasty during the early days of the nation’s founding promoted the Confucian culture combining the Manchu tradition to educate the Prince and his descendants.
Emperor Kangxi ascended the throne at the age of 8, always working hard to study every day, winter or summer did not rest, even going on a patrol, war did not leave the literature half a step.
After giving birth to children, Khang Hi asked the Princes to study very strictly. But to what extent?
Even the Cabinet maester Tang Bin was somewhat annoyed with the Emperor’s demands on the Princes. The scholar once said: “His Majesty teaches the Crown Prince (Din But) too seriously. During the summer, the homework was too much, making the Crown Prince have to work hard.”
Emperor Kangxi refused to reduce the number of exercises, saying: “When I was a child, I had to read each book 120 times, or else I wouldn’t be able to absorb the morals inside. Therefore, the Crown Prince and the Princes must also study in this way.”
In order to create better learning conditions for the Princes, Ung Chinh Emperor built the Thuong Tu Chamber, stipulating that Princes and Emperors from 6 years old and older must come here to read books.
He upheld the dignity of the teacher, asking the Princes to pay respects to the teacher, not to be rude. “The prince knows how to respect the teacher, then the teacher will devote himself to teaching, that is the ancient politeness”.
The prince has a noble position, but he must also be obedient in front of his teacher. Of course, there are still cases of dissatisfaction.
Prince Dich Vi felt that the teacher was too strict, so he said angrily: “When I become Emperor, I will kill him.”. When Dao Quang Emperor heard it, he got angry and scolded him. His father’s cynical words made the eldest son melancholy and sick, and eventually died. This has become the great regret of Dao Quang Emperor.
So how do these royal princes have a study schedule?
The military executive officer under the Qianlong Emperor – Trieu Duc wrote in “Dan Bui Diary” that: The princes must be at the study room at 3-4 am. The main curriculum is: Language and Literature (Manchu, Mong, Han), Confucian Classics (Four Books and Five Classics…), history, poetry, calligraphy, martial arts, horseback archery and many training lessons. other military.
School ends at 1pm, but there are cases where the class lasts half an hour. In which, 7:30 am and 12 noon is the time for eating and drinking, each time no more than half an hour. During class time, if you want to take a break, you must be approved by the teacher, not more than 15 minutes.
Accordingly, the Prince’s total study time in a day is about 10 hours. It can be seen that the Prince of Qing Dynasty has to work hard for his academic career.
According to the regulations of the Qing Dynasty, the prince was 15 years old to be granted the title of ant palace, at this time he can finish the class or not, no longer have to see his achievements. If the Emperor does not assign the task, he will continue to study in the study room; and if you hold a certain position, you still have to go to class during the day when you don’t have a job to handle.
The Emperor worked a hundred thousand jobs but was very interested in the education of the Princes.
The proof is: the Emperor himself chooses the teachers and prescribes the content of the curriculum of the subjects, and regularly checks the academic achievements of the Princes, even appearing out of nowhere to give the exams. survey. The Upper Room was built close to the Can Thanh Palace so that it was convenient for the Emperor to “visit” the Princes who were studying at any time.
In the last years of the Qing Dynasty, the Imperial Palace was full of changes, the education was no longer as strict as the Khang – Ung – Can period, but there were still certain requirements.
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