The power of the sea has always been something every fisherman since he was born in the sea has always imprinted in his subconscious. Growing up in the midst of ocean waves, sea storms, rough seas and every season at sea, there is no one who does not know whales. Not only a friend far offshore, gentle and famously friendly, this fish is revered by fishermen as Ong fish. Ong fish has become the faith and spiritual fulcrum of every people living by the sea.
Following the cultural flow, beliefs Worshiping Ong fish is believed by every fisherman to bring them good luck, going out to sea. It can be said that worshiping Ong fish is worshiping the animist – the god who saves the lives of fishermen at sea. Therefore, the custom of worshiping Ong fish has been formed since ancient times throughout the 3,260 km long stretch of sea in our country.
The custom of worshiping Ong fish – the belief of fishermen in the sea
The custom of worshiping Ong fish was formed from the spiritual needs of fishermen clinging to the sea. The custom of worshiping Ong fish is a particular folk belief of coastal residents of our country, from Thanh Hoa to Kien Giang. The more you return to the South, the clearer and bolder the worship of the Ong fish becomes.
What’s special about Mr. Fish?
Since hundreds of years ago, coastal fishermen have kept the unique custom of worshiping Ong fish. In the bibliography, ancient documents all describe the Ong fish as a respectable “guardian deity”.
According to Quit real writing records: “The customs of the sea are called the whale’s fish. Its body is thick without scales, its tail is like a shrimp. It is very sharp, its nose is on the forehead. It has a human nature or saves people. Boaters who encounter wind and wind and sink, it usually wears on its back. brought to the shore, wagged their tails up. People from the sea are very respectful. If a child dies and the flies don’t land on the shore, they contribute money to make ghosts, whoever owns it can fish and trade profitably.”
In the book Depending on the letter wrote: “The country of Chan Lap has an ant fish, four legs, without scales, like an elephant, sucking water and spitting up five or six feet.”
Book Dai Nam Unified Reunification write that: “The Whale: Duc Ngu (according to the name given to it by Tu Duc) has a round head, a black hole in his forehead, smooth without scales, a split tail like a shrimp, a gentle personality that saves people.” Or “…Around the year of Quang Trieu, before the reign of the Le dynasty, there were whale species that followed the water in. When the tide receded, people on the shore caught them. Some people used fish spines to build houses.”
In addition, books Gia Dinh succeeds also said: “When boats are in danger of waves and waves, they often see the god (fish of Ong) helping to unload the boat to protect people’s safety. Or the boat is sunk, in the storm, the god also brings people to the shore, that help is very helpful. Only our southern country from Linh Giang to Ha Tien has that and is very effective, but other seas do not.”
Still follow Leopold Michel Cadiere – a French culturist: “In the dictionary, there is almost no word whale, people often call him fish, children call her fisherman.” The worship of whales as Grandpa and Grandmother while living as well as at the falls, both show respect for this god who saves the life of the sea.
The above information shows that the belief of worshiping the Ong fish has been formed for a long time according to the national history, deeply instilled in the minds of fishermen in the sea about a meaningful spiritual fulcrum.
More than a benefactor, he is a relative
In the mind of fishermen who stick to the sea, worshiping Ong fish is a whole process of relying on the sea, grateful to God for always protecting and helping every time a fisherman goes out to sea in trouble.
The whole life of floating in the sea, storms and storms always threaten the lives of fishermen at any time. Therefore, Ong fish has become an eternal fulcrum of the people. From that deep belief, Ong fish is called by many different honorific names. Such as Monsignor, Mr. Fish, Ong Khoi, Ong Long, Ong Uncle, Mr. Lon, Mr. Phong, Mr. Nam Hai, Mr. Chuong, Ms. Chuong,… When the fish is alive, the fisherman respectfully calls it Mr. Sanh – The benefactor saves the lives of fishermen while at sea. When the waterfall is called Mr. Ly. Every time there is Mr. Lyfishermen are mourning like their own relatives.
The custom of burying and worshiping Ong fish – faith in the protection of natural gods
According to legend, the custom of worshiping Ong fish has been known since the Nguyen Dynasty with the story of Ong fish saving the life of King Gia Long Nguyen Anh while fleeing the Tay Son Dynasty. When he won the battle, the king awarded him the title of General Nam Hai and built a shrine to worship with many titles.
Under the Nguyen Dynasty, Ong fish received many ordinations such as: Nam Hai Giant Tribe Ngoc Lan god (Minh Mang period), From Che Chuong Linh Help Tin Nam Hai Cu Toc Ngoc Lan god (Thieu Tri period), Tu Chi Chuong Linh assists in trusting the South Sea station, the god of the Jade Lan tribe, (Tu Duc period), Tu Chi Chuong Linh assists in trusting the South Sea station, the god of the Jade Lan tribe, (Dong Khanh period), Tu Chi Chuong Linh Assistant Tin Trung Tram Duc Bao Trung Hung is a superior god (Duy Tan period).
Not only ordained, the king also ordered that every village has Mr. Ly then they must report to the district government to provide death money, incense lamps, red cloth for burial, land to build mausoleums and incense fields for worship.
Continuing the tradition from the time of their forefathers, for many generations, fishermen still show their sincerity and respect to uphold the custom of worshiping Ong fish.
When fishermen see Ong fish drifting in from the sea, together they will bring him to the beach. That’s called Mr. Ly. Whenever Mr. Ly, the fisherman seriously prepares the ceremony, conducts the funeral ceremony for the Fish. According to fishermen’s experience, the northeast monsoon season is Mr. Ly Most. Mr. Ly could be due to many reasons. For example, he was old, exhausted and exhausted. Or he was injured by other fishes, and for a long time the meat was necrotic, rotting to death. It is also possible that he was blown by the wind and storm, and hit the rocks and waterfalls.
According to the old custom, people see Mr. Fish The first implication is to be the owner of the funeral. In other words, taking on the role of the eldest son. The owner of the funeral will call on all villagers to donate for burial Mr. Fish.
Fishermen in the sea have long believed that whoever is the owner of the funeral will have a lot of luck, that year will have a prosperous and bountiful business. Not only that, fishermen also have a strong belief that, wherever he is, the villagers there will enjoy good fortune and receive many gospels.
When buried, the eldest son must wear a mourning towel and wear a linen shirt and have the duty to take care of the funeral thoughtfully and carefully. After burying and mourning the Ong fish for about 3 years, the people carried out a re-burial ceremony. The bones of Ong fish were placed in a sarcophagus and moved into the mausoleum for worship.
The shrine of Ong fish – the guardian deity who protects fishermen from the sea for many generations
Folk knowledge holds many legends about the custom of worshiping Ong fish. In each region across Vietnam, each shrine and shrine to Ong fish is associated with its own story.
Temple of Duc Ngu Ong (Ha Tinh)
Find out about Xuan Bac village, Cam Nhuong commune, Cam Xuyen district, where hundreds of Ong fish are buried. It is known that the fish shrine here is more than 600 years old. Ong fish shrine at Cam Nhuong is also the largest burial place of Ha Tinh fish.
Mr. Nguyen Huu Phuong (Duc Ngu Ong Temple Management Board) is the custodian of the shrine.
The shrine is covered with the silence of time. Not only that, the spirit of Ong fish accumulated over the past hundred years makes this place more sacred and mysterious.
For generations, fishermen here have always considered Ong fish as a guardian deity to protect and protect people every time they go out to sea. If the fisherman sees the fish on the shore, the fisherman will respectfully bury and worship him like his parents.
After many times of renovation, Duc Ngu Ong’s tomb is more and more spacious.
Ong fish is respectfully called by the fishermen here. If they weigh more than 50kg, they will order the beer as Monsieur, Notre Dame. If it is smaller, set it as Duc Co or Duc Uncle. With the waterfall fish, the body is deformed and washed ashore, they will toss 3 yin and yang coins to determine the sex.
After burying the Ong fish, the mourner does three-day – 49-day – 100-day worship rituals, the first death anniversary is like a human. After 3 years, Ong fish was reburied and put in the mausoleum to build a grave.
Ong Nam Hai Fish Mausoleum (Vung Tau)
Ong Nam Hai Fish Mausoleum in Vung Tau is a spiritual destination that many tourists like. Tomb of Ong fish is located in the complex including Thang Tam temple and Ngu Hanh temple.
The custom of worshiping the Ong fish in the mausoleum began in the 19th century. Fishermen living in Back Beach discovered the giant Ong fish’s head drifting ashore. It was so heavy that the villagers could not carry it, so they had to wait for the meat to rot before removing the joints. After that, wash it and bring it back to worship at a small temple located in Front Beach.
At that time, on the banks of Can Gio and Long Hai, fishermen also discovered a drifting body and tail of Ong fish. People at that time said that, originally the Nam Hai god was responsible for protecting boats on this sea. But due to not completing the task, the body was punished and disintegrated into 3 parts.
Years later, people in the area donated money to build the mausoleum. Next, move the bones of the previous Ong fish to Thang Tam temple to worship.
Ong fish bone jade is worshiped at Nam Hai mausoleum, Vung Tau.
Mid-August of the lunar calendar is the best time to visit the Tomb of Ong. The weather is both pleasant and fresh, and it is also on the occasion of his death anniversary, so there will be many interesting festivals taking place.
Fish Temple – Phuoc Hai Co Mieu (Bac Lieu)
Fish shrine is the place where Bac Lieu sea people see as the residence of the god who patronizes fishermen to overcome the ferocity of the sea and a bountiful harvest of shrimp and fish. Ca Ong Temple, also known as Ca Ong Pagoda, was built in 1903.
Through the ups and downs of time, Ong Fish Temple is still a sacred place to worship the guardian deity of fishermen clinging to the sea. Later, the Ong Fish Temple worshiped Quan Thanh De Quan (Quan Van Truong). This is a general revered by the Chinese people.
The story goes that, in 1903, there was a fish on the shore. According to the old custom, the fishermen performed a funeral ceremony, cut the meat to bury it, and the jade bones were left to worship. People worship the Ong fish, considered Nam Hai Dai General Quan. The villagers also consider him as the Tho Cong who helps to keep the sea area peaceful, “feng shui, national peace, people peace.”
On the day of the Fish God (March 9, 10th of the lunar calendar), here people do not perform the procession on the sea like other fishing areas. But they only hold worshiping ceremonies like folk gods. That is also the reason why this place is visited by tourists from all over the world to admire and admire this temple with bold Chinese architecture.
Fishing Festival, Nghinh Ong
The festival of praying for fish and Nghinh Ong is one of the special features in the custom of worshiping Ong fish of coastal fishermen. Ong fish day depends on each place that has its own worshiping day. There are places to choose the day he is on the shore, there are places to choose the day on which he receives the king’s ordination.
The festival takes place as an opportunity for fishermen to express their gratitude, respect and respect to the sea god. On the day of his life, the place of worship is brightly decorated. At the fisherman’s house, they offer offerings to the incense. Fishermen’s boats are decorated with splendid flower lights. At the mausoleum, the celebrant will offer sacrifices and read thanksgiving texts to express the people’s gratitude to Monsignor and Notre Dame. Besides, the festival is also a time for fishermen to pray for a safe, bountiful, and full of fish and shrimps.
Especially, the graveyards and tombs of Ong fish are cared for, and the regular incense is the way fishermen cling to the sea to show their sincerity and gratitude.
See more similar posts here: Spiritual Records
at Blogtuan.info – Source: Afamily.vn – Read the original article here