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3 common diseases in the testicles cause dangerous complications – Life Health

Saturday, April 23, 2022 08:00 AM (GMT+7)

The testicles are a part of the male sex organ responsible for producing sperm to maintain the breed and secreting male sex hormones into the bloodstream.

Common diseases in the testes are varicocele, orchitis, epididymitis, testicular torsion… These diseases, if not treated in time, will greatly affect fertility, causing complications to fertility male property.

1. Varicose veins of the testicles

This is considered a very dangerous testicular pathology. Varicoceles account for nearly one-third of male infertility cases. In the early stages of varicocele, there are usually no clinical manifestations. Most patients are diagnosed when they have a late stage, palpable varicose veins in the scrotum, or clinical symptoms of testicular pain.

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Testicular diseases, if not treated in time, will significantly affect male fertility

Most varicoceles have no specific symptoms. Occasionally, there may be mild pain or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum. Pain may be worse in the evening, or after long standing, strenuous work, or sitting a lot. If the varicocele is large, the patient may notice swelling above the scrotum.

If left untreated, it can lead to complications such as testicular atrophy and infertility.

2. Orchitis, epididymitis

Orchitis, epididymitis is a fairly common disease of the male reproductive system. This is a common disease in men between the ages of 18-50 .

There are many causes of orchitis and epididymitis. It is caused by bacteria, the most common being a bacterial agent, a retrograde infection from the urinary tract, after a surgical intervention in the urinary tract (catheterization, radiography, endoscopic retrograde lithotripsy).

When having orchitis, epididymis, the patient feels pain, swelling in the scrotum, fever. If the impact on the testicles and epididymis are very painful. The patient may have bloody urine.

If not diagnosed and treated promptly, the disease can lead to dangerous complications such as scrotal abscess, necrotizing purulent inflammation of the perineum, testicular ischemia…

3. Testicular torsion

This is a condition that occurs when the stem of the testicle becomes twisted around its axis, causing partial or complete blockage of the blood vessels leading to the testicle, preventing blood from flowing to the seminal vesicles, causing swelling. pain.

When testicular torsion, patients often have symptoms such as:

– Severe pain in one testicle

– Scrotum swollen and painful

– Loss of scrotal reflex on the side of the torsion testicle.

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Prompt and timely treatment will be very important for keeping the testicles or not. Illustration

The prompt and timely treatment will have a very important influence on whether or not the testicle can be saved, so this is a rather dangerous disease. The golden time for treatment of testicular torsion only includes the first 6 hours from the time of pain symptoms. By about 6-12 hours, the chance of saving testicles is only 50%, and in 12-24 hours, only 20% is saved. Above 24 hours usually won’t save the testicles.

Testicular torsion, if treated late, will face complications such as having to remove the testicle because of necrosis, decreased sex drive, erectile dysfunction…

4. Doctor’s advice

To reduce the risk and complications of testicular disease, you can do the following:

– Clean the external genitals every day

– Avoid touching the testicles or wearing tight underwear

– Do not perform sexually stimulating acts that cause damage to the urethral mucosa

– Regularly self-examine testicles.

– Add foods rich in antioxidants such as fresh fruits: blueberries, strawberries, oranges, vegetables, bell peppers, pumpkins…

– If you see any unusual symptoms, immediately go to a specialist to be examined.

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