Cerebral infarction is a dangerous vascular disease, which occurs when an artery in the brain is narrowed, blocked or due to low blood pressure, resulting in a lack of blood supply to the brain. This disease is famous for the nickname “high quartet”, meaning: high morbidity rate, high recurrence rate, high disability rate, high mortality rate.
Cerebral infarction is a type of stroke that occurs due to lack of blood supply to the brain, unlike a cerebral hemorrhage that originates from bleeding in the brain.
Cerebral infarction accounts for 70-80% of strokes but is curable while patients with cerebral hemorrhage are more likely to die or become disabling.
An ischemic stroke is a process in which a cerebral artery is narrowed or blocked, causing blood flow in the area of the brain due to its distribution to be severely reduced, causing necrosis, dysfunction in that brain area, and symptoms. neurological symptoms corresponding to the affected brain area.
Subjects at risk of cerebral infarction:
– People at high risk for acute ischemic stroke are usually those with conditions that increase the likelihood of abnormal blood clots or diseases that damage the inner lining of brain arteries, such as heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and blood clotting disorders
– Smokers and drinkers
– People with a history of obesity, sedentary lifestyle, high cholesterol, and stress can also lead to cerebral infarction, even in young people.
Seeing these 4 symptoms in the morning, beware of an impending cerebral infarction:
1. Dizziness and headache in the morning
Dizziness and headaches are very familiar symptoms of fatigue and lack of sleep. However, if you have had enough sleep, enough rest, but the condition is still not relieved, even the dizziness is getting more and more serious, you need to think about the possibility of diseases such as high blood pressure, cerebral infarction. … The reason is because in the morning, the blood becomes thicker, blood pressure fluctuates greatly, the incidence of cerebral infarction or cerebral vascular occlusion will be higher.
2. Woke up feeling numb
When a cerebral blood vessel is blocked, it is very easy to cause numbness in the limbs, at first it may be local numbness such as numbness in the face, tongue, hands and feet, but later on, it becomes more and more numb in the arms and tables. foot. If you feel this sign every morning, this is most likely a warning sign of a brain infarction.
3. Woke up with dark eyes
Have you ever had your eyes suddenly darken and fade, then gradually return to normal after a while? If so, seek medical attention immediately, as this could be a sign of a dangerous ischemic stroke, or else it could also be a symptom of vision-related problems. Vision loss due to cerebral infarction occurs when there is a blockage in a blood vessel in the brain. It blocks the optic nerve, causing insufficient blood supply to the retina, which in turn leads to impaired vision.
4. Difficulty pronouncing in the morning
The most common manifestations of cerebral infarction are difficulty in pronunciation, reduced language ability. If you find yourself waking up in the morning with a stiff tongue, think about the possibility of cerebral infarction, brain hemorrhage…
Prevention of cerebral infarction
Avoid the risk factors by building a healthy and active lifestyle such as: no smoking, stimulants, limiting alcohol, maintaining a healthy diet rich in vegetables and fruits along with Exercise regularly to reduce the risk of obesity, limit salty and animal fats
It is necessary to thoroughly treat or control diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, cardiovascular diseases through measures such as daily blood pressure measurement, blood sugar and fat control.
Patients and family members should pay attention to the necessary signs to recognize a cerebrovascular accident, which is FAST (fast) which stands for:
Face (face): patient smiles or shows teeth, one side does not move
Arm (hand): one arm is weaker than the other when raising both hands at the same time
Speech: slurred speech, inappropriate words or silence
Time: if one of the above symptoms is suspected, it is necessary to take the patient to the hospital immediately and remember the time of symptom onset.
Foods to avoid to avoid brain infarction
Foods with high salt content
People who eat too much salt for a long time, the risk of cerebral infarction and other vascular diseases is many times higher than other groups of people.
When the amount of salt in the body is too high, the concentration of sodium ions in the blood will increase, thereby affecting the plasma osmotic pressure and causing high blood pressure. In addition, too much salt will also cause strong irritation to the blood vessel wall, causing the blood vessel wall to constrict abnormally and narrow the vessel lumen. In this case, the likelihood of some acute cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases will be very high.
Foods containing large amounts of salt to avoid are: salted meat, salted fish, salted eggs…
Foods rich in trans fatty acids
Most foods, such as ice cream or burgers, contain a lot of trans fatty acids. Eating too much of them will increase the viscosity and stickiness of the blood, which in turn can easily cause the formation of blood clots – a harmful factor to the brain.
Foods containing alcohol, containing chili … are considered more stimulating foods. If consumed in large quantities for a long time, it will stimulate blood pressure, lead to heart palpitations, certain effects on the heart and blood vessels of the brain. In addition, if you consume too much of this food, it will cause constipation. When constipated, intra-abdominal pressure increases rapidly leading to cerebral infarction.
Foods high in sugar
Desserts always seem to be loved by consumers, especially girls. When they eat a sweet dessert in a bad mood, they can feel immediate physical and mental well-being.
Not only that, when living standards are increasingly improved, many families have also formed the habit of eating dessert after a meal. However, we should skip desserts that contain a lot of sugar because eating too much not only prevents the body from absorbing nutrients normally, but also causes blood sugar levels to rise, which can easily lead to cardiovascular diseases and diseases. cerebrovascular.
Dishes such as grilled meat, fried chicken, braised meat… often have a relatively high amount of fat, if you eat them regularly, they will not only cause blood viscosity, atherosclerosis but over time, problems Problems such as hyperlipidemia and cerebral infarction may arise.
In particular, with grilled dishes, food has both lost nutrients and may produce some carcinogens during baking, eating regularly will not be good for health. When food is grilled at high temperature directly on coal, it is easy to generate fire and smoke. This is the cause of the production of heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in baked goods. These substances have the ability to cause genetic mutations and increase the risk of cancer.
Foods with high cholesterol
There are many foods with high cholesterol, such as animal organs such as duck blood soup, pork liver, chicken intestines… The reason this food group is popular is because they are rich in nutrients. However, these are not suitable foods to eat often and eat a lot.
Although cholesterol is an indispensable nutrient for the human body, too much cholesterol will narrow blood vessels, which is not beneficial for heart and brain blood vessel health. Even too much cholesterol in the body can cause stroke, cerebral infarction and other diseases.
In addition, in this food still contains a lot of fat, if not consumed, it will store in the body and aggravate the risk of obesity.
at Blogtuan.info – Source: 24h.com.vn – Read the original article here