1. Egyptian royal family
In ancient Egypt, the Kings – Pharaohs – who considered themselves children of the sun god also interbreed. It was believed that demigods could not mate with normal humans. As a result, kings gave birth to frail children with obvious pathologies. For example, in 2014, archaeologists were able to reconstruct the face of King Tutankhamun, which is completely unlike his mummy mask.
The mummified head of the Egyptian Pharaoh Ahmose I, who was probably born to a pair of siblings who were parents.
The genetic abnormalities Tutankhamun suffered due to inbreeding in the family.
According to computed tomography, the king had metatarsal gangrene, and his left leg was at the ankle and the foot was so bent that he could only walk with a cane. In addition, the pharaoh also suffered from cleft palate, feminine hips, and heavy protrusions. This is the result of inbreeding marriage. According to scientists, King Tutankhamun was born from a close relationship between his father and siblings who suffered from a rare form of epilepsy, in which seizures begin in the temporal lobe of the brain. This part is responsible for the production of hormones. This may explain the pharaoh’s feminine appearance.
Intra-family marriage was common in ancient Egyptian society and was practiced in royal society to maintain the noble lineage. But it is this desire that has caused the descendants of the “gods” to have many congenital diseases, weak children with obvious pathologies.
Tutankhamun himself also married his half-sister Ankhesenamun. The mummified remains of two fetuses believed to be the children of Tutankhamun and Ankhesenamun discovered in the tomb are also believed to be the result of similar genetic defects.
2. House of Habsburg
The Habsburg royal family is a powerful family in modern European history, spanning 2 centuries and “perishing” when King Charles II encountered many strange evil diseases and died in 1700. The king. difficulty chewing food. Charles II’s tongue was so large that he could not speak. From a young age, Charles II was forbidden to walk until adulthood. His ugly appearance made him not educated and educated enough. As a result, the king was illiterate and completely dependent on those around him.
The consequences of hundreds of years of family incest.
Scientists from the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) analyzed the portraits of 15 members of the Habsburg dynasty, and all found them to have a strange appearance with pointed chin, spread on both sides. by the long nose.
According to Smithsonian Magazine, the team that flipped through the Habsburg family tree, which includes more than 6,000 members, spanning more than 20 generations, all discovered distinctive features. This phenomenon is so special that they are named Habsburg functions.
There is a theory that has been proposed to “decode” the question of why this syndrome can follow them for hundreds of years. But now, everything is confirmed. Genetics expert Roman Vilas from the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) said: “The reign of the Habsburgs was indeed the most influential in the history of Europe and the Holy Roman Empire in particular. However, marriage. Inbreeding led to the downfall of the whole family.”
Sisters (from left) Anne Marie de Orléans, queen of Sardinia, and María Luisa de Orleans, queen of Spain, also have Habsburg jaws, although it is not quite as prominent as in men.
After analysis, the authors found that the average inbreeding rate for this family was 0.93. That means about 9% of the family’s genes are exactly the same. Because, they come from an ancestor.
Not only does it affect the appearance and ability to eat, geneticists from the University of Santiago de Compostela previously found that inbreeding of the Habsburg family also reduced the survival of offspring by up to 18 percent. .
3. Samsung family
Starting with just a small store worth 25 USD (about 600 thousand VND at the current exchange rate) opened by Mr. Lee Byung Chul, up to now, the Samsung empire has risen to become the leading electronics corporation in Korea. Country, reaching out to the world.
The Lee family has great coverage and power in many fields in Korea.
But that success was not complete when the members of this empire one by one faced a genetic disease called Charcot-Marie-Tooth (Marx muscular dystrophy). Muscular atrophy is an inherited disorder that affects the nerves of the arms and legs. Over time, this disease will cause loss of sensation in the extremities and muscle atrophy.
The most seriously affected person is Lee Jay Hyun, the grandson of Lee Byung Chul and also the chairman of CJ Group. During the time of receiving investigation for tax evasion and embezzlement, he was reported by the media to have to cope with two diseases at the same time, kidney failure and Marx’s muscle atrophy.
Due to complications of the disease, his limbs were constricted, he had to wear special shoes and always appeared in a dilapidated state. He himself is in a wheelchair and cannot walk.
Although this family has spent a huge amount of money on research and figuring out how to edit genes using modern technology, to this day, many members of the Lee family continue to face stalking. of this terrible disease. Even Ms. Lee Bo Jin (the second daughter of Mr. Lee Kun Hee) had to accept “living with the disease” from her young days.
at Blogtuan.info – Source: cafebiz.vn – Read the original article here