Qin Shi Huang was the 36th king of the Qin state, and the first emperor to unify China after destroying 6 vassal states, ending the Warring States period. The name Qin Shi Huang always associated with many times “first” and “unique” in Chinese history.
To prepare in advance for life on the other side of the world, the emperor of the Qin Dynasty started construction tomb in 246 BC. After 38 years of construction with more than 700,000 skilled workers and craftsmen, this mausoleum was completed.
Tomb of Qin Shi Huang is covered with vegetation like a hill.
Tomb of Qin Shi Huang is located in Xi’an city, Shaanxi province, China, with a total area of 41,600 m2. This is the largest mausoleum in the Qin and Han dynasties, the size of which is equivalent to 5 international football fields.
However, this unusually large tomb also bodes ill with the death of the Qin emperor. According to historical books, after Qin Shi Huang died, Ho Hoi (the second emperor of the Qin Dynasty) ascended the throne. As an ignorant, immoral and extravagant person, Ho Hoi, under the manipulation of prime minister Trieu Cao, implemented a harsh rule, so the people did not obey and hate the Qin Dynasty, many uprisings occurred. out.
In the end, Ho Hoi was killed by Xiang Yu – “lord of Western Zhou” – and part of the mausoleum was also burned by Xiang Yu.
Qin’s anti-theft measures reached their peak
Because Qin Shi Huang was rich, the rumored history of the treasures in his mausoleum is endless.
According to current research, although the mausoleum was burned into a high mountain mound by Xiang Yu, the interior is still basically well preserved. This is due to the Qin people’s almighty anti-theft measure when building the mausoleum.
Outside the tomb is built solidly, the walls surrounding the mausoleum are made of white ash, sandy soil, loess and are added with sticky rice and iron nails, which have a very good effect of resisting rain and wind, even medicine. Normal explosion is also difficult to shake this wall. Historically, the Guangzhou area has suffered an earthquake of more than 8 magnitude, but the mausoleum has not been destroyed, not flooded.
In addition, to protect the tomb from invasion by tomb robbers, Emperor Qin designed many deadly traps inside his own tomb. When researching, archaeologists discovered that there is a 7-meter-deep cliff built inside of this mausoleum and there is a lot of quicksand on the cliff.
Grave thieves when breaking into this will be submerged by quicksand, then soon suffocate while struggling in the sand. This anti-theft method is the crystallization of the wisdom of the ancient Chinese people. Although this method seems simple, it actually deters intruders.
“History” has a passage: “Using mercury to make hundreds of rivers and seas, on top of astronomy, below with geography, using mermaid fat (sea leopard) as a torch that burns forever”.
In addition, the tomb of emperor Qin Shi Huang is surrounded by a river of mercury and an automatic arrow-shooting machine. Ancient records say that in the doors and passages are hidden crossbows. Once touched, the crossbow will automatically shoot down the intruder.
This weapon is a “crossbow” (super crossbow), possessing very strong features and damage. According to estimates by scholars, the type of crossbow in Qin Shi Huang’s tomb has a range of more than 800m, a tension of more than 350kg and automatically operates. It is not excluded that these crossbow traps are still in good working order after more than 2,000 years.
In addition to physical anti-theft measures, there is also a spiritual measure: the curse of the terracotta army.
The army of more than 8,000 terracotta soldiers in the tomb of Qin Shi Huang is said to be modeled after real soldiers of the Qin Dynasty. This army carries a deadly “curse” for anyone who desecrates the resting place of Qin Shi Huang.
An ancient document states that, after Qin Shi Huang’s death and was buried in a mausoleum in Xi’an, Emperor Xiang Yu of Xi Chu – who was instrumental in overthrowing the Qin Dynasty – brought 300,000 people to destroy the mausoleum. Tomb of King Qin.
While digging the grave, Xiang Yu’s group suddenly saw a golden swallow flying out of the tomb and disappearing to the south. Folks believe that this is a harbinger of disaster that Xiang Yu’s group will encounter due to the act of disturbing the resting place of Qin Shi Huang. In the end, Xiang Yu died incompletely.
According to folklore, Xiang Yu’s death is proof of the fulfillment of the curse of the terracotta army inside the tomb of King Qin. The legends about the curse are also one of the factors that increase the mystery of the tomb of a Qin Shi Huang and hinder those who intend to invade this place.
According to the book “History – Qin Shi Huang’s signature”, the Tomb of King Qin especially adheres to the law of “death as birth”, trying to recreate a world like the earth below the earth.
Finally, the emperor of the Qin Dynasty surprised posterity when he chose a prime location to build the mausoleum. According to history books, Qin Shi Huang was a superstitious person, so the choice of location was also something that he paid great attention to.
The mausoleum was built in a “sealed hill” near the underground dam and drainage system. This helps the place stay dry. Therefore, experts believe that the palace and the giant structure inside the mausoleum are still relatively intact, not completely collapsed and not flooded.
All dynasties are grateful to Qin Shi Huang for the unification of China, so he strictly protected his mausoleum. Even Luu Bang, the great ancestor of the Han Dynasty, specially ordered the protection of Qin Shi Huang’s mausoleum. He also ordered 20 families living nearby to guard the tomb.
In the Republic of China era, despite the chaotic situation, the local government did not dare to be careless in protecting the mausoleum. In the early 1920s, Liu Zhu, director of Shaanxi Province’s Construction Department, also organized the people to carry out large-scale greening and tree planting around the mausoleum.
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