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Dengue fever outbreak, be careful not to mistake it for Covid-19

The Ministry of Health has just said that from the beginning of 2022 to now, the whole country has recorded 14,704 cases of HIV infection dengueof which there were 109 severe cases and 6 deaths (in Binh Duong (3), Dong Thap (1), Tay Ninh (1), Dong Nai (1).

Compared to the same period in 2021, the number of cases decreased slightly, the number of deaths increased by 1 case. However, the rainy season is coming, so the Ministry of Health forecasts that in the coming time, the number of cases will tend to increase because it is starting at the time of the epidemic season.

Doctors have determined, if dengue If detected early, it is easy to treat. However, if not detected and treated in time, it can lead to dangerous complications such as damage to multiple organs, liver, kidneys…

According to statistics, children from about 8-13 years old are the most susceptible group dengue heaviest.

Dengue fever broke out, beware of misdiagnosing with Covid-19 - Photo 1.

Dengue had many initial symptoms similar to Covid-19 (One patient dengue treated at the Center for Tropical Diseases, Bach Mai Hospital). Photo of BVCC

Dengue have initial symptoms like Covid-19

Worth mentioning, dengue is going hand in hand with the Covid-19 disease, and some of the early symptoms are quite similar to that of Covid-19. In the context that people are subjective with Covid-19, it is normal to have Covid-19 if infected dengue Being confused with Covid-19 can lead to subjectivity in monitoring and delay in going to hospital when having severe symptoms.

Some people will even get it dengue and Covid-19, leading to an aggravation, which is very dangerous.

About the possible risk of misdiagnosis between dengue and Covid-19, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Do Duy Cuong – Director of the Center for Tropical Diseases (Bach Mai Hospital) said, dengue and Covid-19 are both dangerous infectious diseases caused by viruses with similar initial symptoms, which can cause confusion such as fever, headache, body aches, chills.

However, these are two diseases with different epidemiological factors and modes of transmission as well as completely different conditions. Covid-19 is spread through the respiratory tract through contact with droplets dengue blood-borne transmission by mosquitoes.

Besides dengue typically present with congestive skin, red face and sclera, and worse with hemorrhage or shock due to blood concentration. For patients with Covid-19 who have symptoms of respiratory infection such as cough, difficulty breathing, loss of smell, etc., severe symptoms of pneumonia and respiratory failure will occur.

“Most patients dengue Usually resolves spontaneously within 7 days, however, about 5% of patients will have severe manifestations such as bleeding or plasma leakage, shock due to hypovolemia, if not detected and treated promptly, there is a risk of death. .

Especially in the context of the spreading Covid-19 epidemic, the symptoms of dengue fever need to be very careful because there are some symptoms that are easily confused with Covid-19 such as fever, muscle aches, chills. , Associate Professor Cuong shared.

According to doctors, in addition to Covid-19, there are many diseases with initial symptoms similar to dengue such as viral infections, hand, foot and mouth disease, septic shock, and possibly MIS-C syndrome. post Covid-19.

Go to the doctor if you suspect you have dengue fever

Therefore, people need to be alert when there is a health problem, and at the same time go to the doctor for an accurate diagnosis, should not be subjective when the body has a high fever and is too tired.

Dengue fever broke out, beware of misdiagnosing with Covid-19 - Photo 2.

Children often have severe dengue fever (Treatment for pediatric patients at the National Children’s Hospital). Photo of BVCC

Previously, Dr. Nguyen Kim Thu, Head of Virus – Parasitology Department (National Hospital for Tropical Diseases) also said that most dengue patients will recover on their own after 7-8 days of onset. However, there are also many patients who “thought to be cured” turn dangerously and need to be hospitalized.

“Dengue fever is not like other common viral diseases, it clears up on its own after 3-5 days, dengue fever becomes severe on days 4-7. At this time, patients may experience blood clotting leading to bleeding. to death.

Therefore, if you have a sudden fever, headache, body aches, and a lot of fatigue, you need to go to the nearest medical facility for a blood test to see if you have dengue fever or not to be guided by a doctor. Full consultation.

People with dengue fever need to monitor their health symptoms, when there are signs of suspected aggravation of the disease, they should go to the hospital for examination within the first 3 days of disease onset, “said Dr.

Dengue fever in children has diverse manifestations.

Dengue fever in children has a rather sudden onset and rapidly progresses from mild to severe stage through 3 stages: febrile phase, critical phase, and recovery phase.

In the early stages of the disease, children often have a sudden, continuous high fever. With young children, they are irritable and cry. Older children have headaches, body aches, nausea, loss of appetite, bleeding gums or nosebleeds…

After the febrile period, the child enters the critical phase, which usually falls on the 3rd to 7th day of illness. At this stage, the child may still have a fever or be in remission, the child may have plasma leakage.

If the plasma leakage is severe, it will lead to shock, with common symptoms such as: struggling, restless, lethargic, low blood pressure, bleeding under the skin… After the dangerous phase is the recovery phase, The child’s fever is gone, his health status is much improved, his appetite is expressed…”.

Dr. Do Thien Hai, Head of General Internal Medicine – Center for Tropical Diseases (National Children’s Hospital)

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