But what if you don’t have an outdoor space to grow your herbs or live in a location, such as an apartment, that doesn’t make it possible to start your own project? ? An indoor herb garden offers all the benefits of a traditional backyard garden on the grounds of your own home. This guide will detail what you need to start your own indoor herb garden, answer specific questions about how to care for your herbs, and provide a list of herbs. popular for planting.
Tips for an indoor herb garden
From the right temperature to the amount of water needed, there are many things to consider when starting an indoor herb garden. Here are answers to common questions people have about the process.
(Photo: Natural Living Ideas)
What do I need to grow herbs indoors?
1. Light: Sunlight is the most important part of growing any plant. Herbs absorb sunlight and convert it into energy as part of photosynthesis. In apartments without many windows, LED lights can replace natural sunlight.
2. Water: In addition to sunlight, herbs also need water during photosynthesis to absorb nutrients from the soil. Some herbs require minimal watering, while others prefer a moist environment.
3. Temperature: Herbs generally prefer an environment between 65 and 75 F (18 – 23 degrees C), with 70 F (21 degrees C) being the most common. Basil is an exception – it prefers at 75 F (23 degrees C).
4. Soil: Herbs need nutrient-rich soil to thrive, and you can achieve this by purchasing indoor growing media. Do not use the soil outdoors, as the soil is too small for indoors. Plus, you run the risk of bringing bugs inside your home.
5. Container: Herbs can grow in any container as long as there’s enough room for drainage – drainage is important so the herbs don’t get submerged in water. Examples include ceramic, clay or plastic pots. You can even use plastic fruit containers the size of blueberries and strawberries.
The best pots for indoor herbs
Drainage is key when choosing pots for your indoor herbs. Whether it’s a plastic, clay, or terracotta pot, use a container with holes in the bottom for the water to drain out (you can also drill holes in the bottom to create your own drainage).
1. Plastic: Plastic pots retain moisture longer and are more suitable for herbs that prefer moist soil.
2. Clay/terracotta: These porous pots allow air to move and dry faster, so are better suited to cooler climates.
3. Ceramic: This type of pot retains moisture and is more suitable for warmer climates.
4. Metal: Metal pots are stylish, but they retain heat and can dry out your soil.
5. Wood: Like plastic pots, wood also holds water and is more suitable for herbs that prefer moist conditions.
How often should I water my houseplants?
Overwatering is one of the major sins when caring for any herb or plant. Yes, herbs need water to grow, but one thing is not too much water.
The frequency of watering depends on many factors, such as the herb itself, the temperature in your home, the humidity, and the type of pot (some pots dry faster than others). In general, you should water your herbs two to three times a week.
Some more specifics for individual herbs
Herbs that don’t need a lot of water: Oregano, rosemary, sage, and thyme
Herbs that need more watering: Basil, cilantro, mint, and parsley.
After planting or purchasing initial herbs, provide enough water to keep the soil moist for several days. Also, stick a finger in the soil an inch to test for moisture – if the soil is damp, stop watering and test again the next day; If it’s dry, water your herbs.
Be sure to drain any excess water left on the bottom. Herbs can die if left in standing water for too long.
The best soil for indoor herbs
Indoor potting mix is a top choice for indoor herbs because it helps to drain well and allows roots to grow and breathe. Keep away from garden soil as indoor potting mix is lighter and won’t compact when wet.
You can also add perlite to your potting mix. Perlite is a mineral stone to improve breathability and drainage. As an inexpensive alternative, you can place gravel or rocks in the bottom of the pot so that the roots don’t get submerged in the water.
After you choose your soil, choose an organic fertilizer to help your herbs grow and stay healthy. When sifting through your options, read the packaging to make sure the fertilizer you choose is high in nitrogen and low in phosphorus — nitrogen encourages leaf growth.
Add fertilizer to the potting mix whenever you grow herbs. You can fertilize your herbs several times per week, although the plants can die if over-fertilized. Be aware of any salt from the fertilizer that may accumulate around your pot. To rinse the herbs, rinse them with water until the water runs through the bottom and then drain thoroughly so they don’t stay in the water.
How much light do indoor herbs need?
Indoor herbs need four to eight hours of light per day depending on the specific plant. For herbs that need a lot of sunlight, place them near a south-facing window as they will receive more light. East facing windows are suitable for herbs that need partial sun.
When growing plants during the winter or if you have a home that doesn’t have many windows, LED lights can help supplement the light your plants need to thrive.
Here’s an overview of the different herbs and how much light they need:
– Six to eight hours of light: Basil, cumin, oregano, rosemary, sage, and thyme
– At least four hours of light: Chives, cilantro, mint and parsley
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