Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Germany, Denmark and France from May 2-May 2 in the context of the Russia-Ukraine conflict and the economic-defence ties between India and the EU.
According to The Indian Express, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s first foreign trip this year comes at a time of conflict. Russia-Ukraine in central Europe has disrupted the global order for seven decades. The visit is significant, according to the Indian newspaper.
Germany is one of India’s most important partners in Europe, with deep bilateral ties and also because of Berlin’s key role in the European Union. India was one of the first countries to establish diplomatic relations with the Federal Republic of Germany after World War II.
India and Germany established a Strategic Partnership since May 2000, and this relationship was strengthened with the launch of the Intergovernmental Consultation (IGC) in 2011 at the Heads of Government level. . India is among a group of countries selected by Germany to have such a dialogue mechanism. During Prime Minister Modi’s visit, the 6th IGC will take place after being postponed from last year due to the pandemic.
Virtue made important strategic choices in the Russo-Ukrainian war. It has promised to reduce its energy dependence on Russia and decided to increase defense spending. Meanwhile, India is the top buyer of Russian weapons. According to The Indian Express, during Prime Minister Modi’s visit, Berlin can convince New Delhi of strategic options to reduce dependence on Moscow.
Germany holds the G7 Presidency and with India taking a different stance from Europe on the Russia-Ukraine conflict, it will be crucial if India is invited to the G7 summit in June.
India-Denmark relations were elevated to the level of “Green Strategic Partnership” during an online summit held in September 2020 between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen. Prime Minister Frederiksen was in India for a state visit from October 9-11, 2021, the first visit by a head of government after the pandemic.
The first India-Nordic Summit took place in April 2018 to explore new areas of cooperation. This format is special; Besides India, the only other country where the Nordic countries (including Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark, Iceland) hosted the conference was the US. While economic growth, climate change and global security are identified as key areas of cooperation, the India-Nordic Summit comes at a time when the two Nordic countries are looking to find ways to improve their cooperation. joining NATO, in the context of Europe feeling insecure because of the Russia-Ukraine war.
A visit to France was planned after President Emmanuel Macron was re-elected. India and France have always had close relations. In 1998, the two sides signed a Strategic Partnership, in which defense and security cooperation, space cooperation and civil nuclear cooperation are the pillars. India and France also have a strong economic partnership and are increasingly engaged in new areas of cooperation.
The visit will provide an opportunity for the two leaders to discuss the Ukraine crisis, China’s assertiveness in the Indo-Pacific, and defense and security cooperation, including the transfer of machines. fly Rafale.
Prime Minister Modi and President Macron are two of the few world leaders who maintain open channels of communication with both Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.
The dialogue with France will also be important because it is holding the EU Presidency this year.
Importance of visit to India and Europe
Visit to 3 countries EU by Prime Minister Narendra Modi shows the importance of India’s relationship with Europe. Over the past few years, Europeans have always felt that, in general, Prime Minister Modi’s government has given more impetus to other strategic partners such as the US, Japan and even Australia and the UAE than to Europe.
In the past few weeks, after the war in Ukraine, a series of high-ranking European officials, from the Foreign Ministers of Great Britain, Poland, Portugal, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway and the President of the European Commission have visited India. Degree.
Although India was one of the first countries to establish diplomatic relations with the European Economic Community – the forerunner of the European Union – in 1962, the relationship initially focused on trade and economic Cooperation. In 1994, the two sides signed a Cooperation Agreement, which expanded to cover political and security issues, climate change and clean energy, information and communication technology, space and nuclear, health , agriculture and food security, education and culture.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Europe could set the stage for the India-EU summit and spur Free Trade Agreement negotiations, which have been going on for a decade and a half now.