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2 Covid-19 epidemic situations

The Ministry of Health said, from From the beginning of 2020 to now, Vietnam has experienced 4 outbreaks. The scale, location, and extent of spread through each wave tend to be more complex. During this time, the number of cases, severe cases and deaths in provinces and cities tended to decrease sharply day by day.

In order to be proactive, ready to respond and effectively control the Covid-19 epidemic, actively follow the actual situation, the Ministry of Health develops a plan to ensure medical work to cope with Covid-19 epidemic situations. year 2022-2023.

Based on the plan of the World Health Organization (WHO), referring to the response plans of some countries and the reality of the epidemic situation in Vietnam, the Ministry of Health proposed two Covid-19 epidemic situations as follows:

Scenario 1: The virus strain continues to evolve, but because the community has immunity, the number of severe cases and deaths gradually decreases. Since then, outbreaks are no longer as serious as before or new strains of the SARS-CoV-2 virus appear but are less severe.

With this situation, the Ministry of Health proposes to strengthen directing epidemiological surveillance for early detection of new strains. Maintain assessment of epidemic level and prevention and control measures necessary in accordance with the epidemic’s evolution. At the same time, the ministry has accelerated the work of vaccination against the Covid-19 vaccine.

The Ministry of Health will promptly amending, supplementing and updating surveillance guidelines in a timely and appropriate manner with disease developments, ensuring the correct motto of safe, flexible adaptation and effective disease control.

Research, evaluate and base on the epidemic situation to switch measures to prevent and control the Covid-19 epidemic from group A infectious disease to group B.Take steps to relax health management measures for close contacts of asymptomatic Covid-19 and F0 patients so that they can participate in some social activities and still ensure epidemic prevention.

The Ministry of Health consults with 2 situations to deal with the Covid-19 epidemic - Photo 1.

The Ministry of Health develops 2 scenarios to deal with Covid-19 in the near future

Scenario 2: The emergence of a new strain of the SARS-CoV-2 virus has the potential to reduce vaccine effectiveness or immunity, causing an increase in cases of severe symptoms or death, especially in vulnerable groups.

With this situation, the Ministry of Health will pWork closely with WHO and vaccine manufacturers to update vaccines suitable for the new strain of SARS-CoV-2 virus, promptly report to the Government for updates and allow additional purchases for vaccination. for the citizen.

The ministry willfocus on surveillance, monitoring the epidemic and the impact of the new variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus by strengthening the surveillance of hospitalized cases, intensive treatment, and deaths; Gene sequencing to detect circulating and new strains in outbreaks, clusters of cases with unusual developments, characteristics, and related epidemiological factors on immigrants.

Improve early warning capabilities through an event-based surveillance system (EBS), regularly assess the risk and impact of the epidemic to adjust appropriate epidemic prevention measures.

Flexible implementation of the principle of “prevention – detection – isolation – zoning – suppression” according to the narrowest possible scale and scope, in line with the epidemic’s development; flexibly apply the anti-epidemic formula “5K + vaccine, medicine + treatment + technology + people’s consciousness + other measures”.

Implement synchronously monitoring and testing measures to detect infected cases, thereby promptly zoning, isolating and stamping out the epidemic as soon as possible; strengthen the application of information technology in monitoring, reporting and sharing information on the epidemiological and testing situation.

In both situations, the Ministry of Health emphasizes one of the four principles set forth: Vaccines are an effective measure in reducing the risk of serious illness and death. The high rate of vaccine coverage in all target groups, especially the vulnerable and high-risk groups, is the foundation for gradual easing of health and other social measures.

The Ministry of Health consults with 2 situations to deal with the Covid-19 epidemic - Photo 2.

The Ministry of Health emphasized that vaccines are effective measures in reducing the risk of severe disease and death

Previously, Deputy Minister of Health Do Xuan Tuyen commented The Covid-19 epidemic is well controlled, in the middle of a “pandemic” and “endemic disease”. The Ministry of Health is developing a response plan to take appropriate measures to prevent and control the epidemic, such as adjusting the definition between cases, and providing guidance on isolation measures for close contacts. The ministry has also issued instructions to suspend the application of medical declaration at border gates, especially aviation border gates.

Also according to the Deputy Minister, the 5K recommendation is applied flexibly to ensure the effectiveness of epidemic prevention and control. Specifically, 2K includes wearing a mask and disinfecting (washing hands with sanitizer or soap) are measures that need to be taken regularly.

As for 3K (distance, medical declaration, not crowded) is more flexible, depending on each activity, local characteristics, units, fields, ministries, branches …

Currently, Vietnam has almost completely “opened up”, activities have returned to normal, but still maintaining and speeding up the vaccination schedule, especially the 3rd dose vaccination for those aged 18 years and over. , to be completed in the second quarter.

The Ministry of Health is also preparing guidelines for the 4th injection for those aged 18 and over, and speeding up the vaccination schedule for children from 5 to under 12 years old.

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