India begins to enter the period of “hell”
A severe heatwave in mid- and late-April 2022 brought temperatures 4.5 to 8.5 degrees Celsius higher than normal in eastern, central and northwestern India — just weeks after the nation This recorded the hottest March on record since the nation’s meteorology department began keeping records more than 120 years ago.
On April 27, 2022, India’s highest temperature reached 45.9 degrees Celsius, recorded at Prayagraj in Uttar Pradesh. A day earlier, a peak of 45.1 degrees Celsius was reported at Barmer in Western Rajasthan in the northwest, according to the India Meteorological Department. Many other localities recorded temperatures from 42 to 44 degrees Celsius.
The map above shows the air temperature modeled for April 27, 2022. It is derived from the Goddard Earth Observation System (GEOS) model and represents the air temperature at 2 meters above the ground. with the ground.
Effects of heat waves include heat-related diseases, poor air quality, low rainfall, and reduced crop yields. Additionally, electricity demand spiked and coal inventories fell, leaving the country in its worst power shortage in more than six years. In the northern regions of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, the snow in the mountains is melting rapidly. In addition, more than 300 large wildfires burned across the country on April 27, according to the Forest Survey of India. Almost a third of them are in Uttarakhand.
Heat waves are common in India in spring and early summer, especially in May, which is usually the hottest month. But they usually go into remission at the start of the monsoon season from late May to September every year. According to India’s Ministry of Earth Sciences, the number of spring heatwaves is on the rise as 12 of the 15 warmest years on record in the country have occurred since 2006. One heatwave in June 2015 killed more than 2,000 people.
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