Vietnam has up to 10% of the population suffering from diseases related to the digestive tract
On the morning of May 5, the National Institute of Nutrition held a press conference to launch the Communication Program in response to Digestive Health Day, with the theme “Digestive health- Healthier every day“.
Professor Le Danh Tuyen – Director of the National Institute of Nutrition said that the digestive tract, specifically the intestinal tract, where more than 70% of the immune system’s components are concentrated, is also the place where the immune system and bacteria meet. together. A healthy digestive system is a digestive system supported by a strong immune system, which protects the body against constant attacks from pathogens in food.
According to the survey results on the nutritional status of children, the rate of underweight children in Vietnam has decreased, but remains high, with the rate of 14.1% in 2015 for underweight children. However, the national rate of stunting and malnutrition remained at 24.6% in 2015, ranking among the countries with high stunting rates, according to the classification of the World Health Organization (WHO).
The results of the 2009-2010, 2019-2020 nutritional census of the Institute of Nutrition and recent studies in Vietnam show that one of the causes of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiency is the young diet. Children under 5 years old are lacking in quantity and poor in quality.
“Researches around the world as well as many studies at the Institute of Nutrition in Vietnam show that malnutrition in children is related to the likelihood of frequent gastrointestinal and respiratory infections, leading to to an increased number of school holidays, affecting children’s growth and learning. In younger children, infections (including bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections) can all lead to malnutrition, and vice versa, malnutrition makes children more susceptible to infections and the spiral of illness. This continues without appropriate intervention or management.” Professor Tuyen emphasized.
According to him, infections, especially diarrhea seriously affect the nutritional status of children. Infection leads to damage to the gastrointestinal tract thereby reducing absorption, especially micronutrients, allowing more antigens and bacteria to pass through.
Professor Le Danh Tuyen said that child malnutrition will have very severe consequences on health as well as intelligence leading to a decrease in children’s ability to study and work when they reach adulthood. Malnourished children are more susceptible to infections than normal children, and when they do get sick, they are often more severe and take longer to recover. Malnutrition increases the risk of death in young children and creates a vicious cycle.
Therefore, he believes that given the current status of nutrition and digestive health, the communication to help raise awareness of the people and the community about the role of nutrition and digestion in overall health. is very necessary. Proper and sufficient nutrition helps to take care of a healthy digestive system, thereby enhancing resistance, improving immunity, and helping to prevent diseases.
The program’s activities aim to raise the community’s awareness of digestive health care, help people have a correct awareness of the meaning of digestion for health, healthy nutritional solutions, and enhance resistance, building good habits to take care of a healthy digestive system naturally.
Since 2004, the World Digestive Health Organization (WGO) in collaboration with the WGO Foundation (WGOF) has chosen May 29 as World Digestive Health Day with the aim of raising public awareness about the role of digestive system for health, and how to prevent, diagnose, manage, and treat digestive diseases and/or disorders.
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