Recently, on the afternoon of May 3, at the emergency department of poison control, National Children’s Hospital, a 13-year-old pediatric patient (in Hanoi) was hospitalized with swollen, bruised and bleeding right hand. index finger, painful and possibly life-threatening.
According to the family, the boy is very interested in raising wild animals and has arbitrarily bought three vipers to raise online; When changing the cage for snakes, the baby was bitten by the snake on the index finger of his right hand. Immediately, the victim’s family took the victim to the hospital for treatment.
Red-tailed viper. Photo: Provided by the patient’s family
Identity of the Venomous Snake
Doctors have identified this baby snake as a red-tailed viper (Trimeresurus albolabris) of the Viperidae family, which is a dangerous and very common venomous snake in the Philippines. Vietnam.
In Tuoi Tre newspaper, TS.BS Le Ngoc Duy, head of the emergency department of anti-poison, National Children’s Hospital, said that the level of toxicity of red-tailed vipers is second only to king cobras, and the venom is stronger than that of female snakes. are in pregnancy.
Currently, the patient has been transfused with anti-viper venom serum, anti-inflammatory as well as antibiotics to prevent wound infection; Currently, the boy’s health is stable after one day of treatment.
Red-tailed viper. Photo: Animalia
The body of the snake is a greenish color, with a reddish-brown tail, a triangular head typical of vipers and a maximum length of about 60 cm with a weight of about 300 grams. This snake is distributed mainly in high mountain areas, deep forests in the Truong Son mountain range or the Northwest region.
However, now they appear in many other places such as Can Tho, Quang Ngai and also in Nam Dan – Nghe An. They are increasing in number and the number of red-tailed viper bites is also increasing due to occurrence in many residential areas, which may be due to climate change.
The venom of the red-tailed viper has more than 20 different components, including procoagulant, which causes the victim to have a blood clotting disorder, bleeding gums, digestive system, blood brain, lungs, etc. urology… extremely dangerous.
Because there are two large poisonous fangs, the bite will leave quite obvious fangs, after only a few minutes, the bite will quickly swell, painful, and bleed continuously without stopping. After 6 hours, the wound will spread, causing the whole limb to swell, painful, bleeding under the skin, muscle necrosis …
More severe, can cause anaphylaxis, hypotension, acute kidney failure, dizziness, nausea, rapid death of the victim; However, if taken to the hospital in time and using antivenom serum, the victim can completely overcome the danger.
WHAT TO DO WHEN A RED TAIL SOLID SERIES?
If bitten by a red-tailed viper, you can refer to the following steps:
– Move the victim out of the original range of the snake, if it has been killed or captured, it should be kept to bring to the hospital for identification to help doctors quickly use the appropriate antivenom.
– Avoid allowing the victim to move, preferably splint the arm or leg bitten by the snake to slow the spread of venom. At the same time, remove jewelry, loosen tight clothing at the bite site to avoid causing compression.
– Clean the wound with soap or physiological saline and then use a clean and dry gauze to cover the area bitten by the snake, absolutely do not try to suck the venom or gooseberries. Position the victim so that the bitten area is lower than the heart, even during the trip to the hospital
In addition, it is absolutely necessary to avoid using folk or traditional medicines, oral tips or taking them to a healer. Take advantage of the golden time to save the victim’s life by moving to the nearest medical facility.
at Blogtuan.info – Source: Soha.vn – Read the original article here