Mysterious acute hepatitis broke out and 5 children died in the US
More than 100 children in 25 US states infected with hepatitis of unknown cause, 5 children died.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the five cases above are all under 10 years old.
In April, the US CDC warned doctors and parents to watch out for symptoms related to an outbreak of mysterious hepatitis in children.
90% of the recorded cases required hospitalization, with 14% of the children requiring a liver transplant.
The World Health Organization (WHO) announced that there have been about 300 mysterious hepatitis patients appearing in 20 different countries. In addition to the 5 cases in the US, 3 children in Indonesia and 1 unknown case in which country have died from the disease.
“Scientists in the US and globally are actively investigating to determine the cause,” said Jay Butler, CDC’s deputy director of infectious diseases.
The oldest patient involved in the unusual outbreak was 16 years old, but most were children under 5 years of age.
Doctors and disease specialists have identified the adenovirus in about 50% of cases with liver damage. Therefore, health officials must consider investigating this as a potential cause.
There are dozens of strains of the adenovirus in the world, often accompanied by mild symptoms such as sore throat, red eyes, fever or cold-like symptoms.
However, sometimes strains of Adeno can cause more serious problems such as gastritis.
In November 2021 there were 9 cases of children with severe hepatitis. But all tested negative for the virus that usually causes hepatitis. The pediatric patients were positive for adenovirus.
“This is still a very rare occurrence,” said CDC Deputy Director of Infectious Diseases. Most of these cases have recovered.”
Symptoms of hepatitis include fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, pale stools, joint pain, and jaundice.
Dr Philippa Easterbrook, infectious disease physician, said: “The patients have no association with a certain geographical area, exposure to specific foods or animals, travel or toxins. We are looking at both infectious and non-infectious causes.”
An Yen (According to NBC, The Sun)
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