There are millions of people who need rabies prophylaxis. This is an infectious disease with the highest number of deaths among infectious diseases circulating in Vietnam. However, the treatment of stray dogs still faces many difficulties.
According to Dr. Nguyen Thi Thanh Huong (National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology), more than 2.5 million people had to receive rabies prophylaxis in the past 5 years (2017 – 2021), accounting for 2.25% of the population, showing that The number of people bitten by dogs and cats is still very large. If local authorities and the veterinary industry do not control rabies in animals, the cost of treatment will be 150 times more expensive than animal disease prevention.
“In the past five years, rabies It is still an infectious disease with the highest number of deaths among infectious diseases circulating in Vietnam,” said Dr. Huong at the Conference summarizing the national program for rabies control and elimination. year 2017 – 2021.
Dogs roam in an urban area in Ho Chi Minh City
Mediation, asking the owner for compensation
According to Mr. Nguyen Huu Phuong, Head of the Health Station of Ward 14, District 10, Ho Chi Minh City, for cases of dog bites, the station instructs people that if the dog has been vaccinated, it is necessary to monitor the dog within 2 weeks, if the dog is vaccinated. If rabies is not detected normally, people do not need to be vaccinated.
“However, people are still afraid and vaccinate for peace of mind. In case vaccination is needed, the health station will mediate and ask the owner to compensate for the cost of vaccination,” said Mr. Phuong.
Mr. Ha Tuan Phuong, Chairman of the People’s Committee of Ward 14, District 10, Ho Chi Minh City, said: Currently, there are still a situation where some households keep dogs loose, do not wear muzzles, and have no one to lead them when bringing dogs. out in public. The raising of dogs without wearing muzzles, to dog biting people (especially the elderly and young children), defecating in public places, worrying people, affecting security, order and environmental sanitation.
Dogs roaming on the sidewalk make exercisers shy
“The management of dogs and cats currently stops at the level of propaganda, advocacy, and reconciliation. dog bite are mainly reconciled at the grassroots level, based on the friendship between the dog owner and the person bitten by the dog,” Phuong said.
There are no regulations on banning cats and dogs in apartments
Ms. Duong Thi Ha, a member of the management board at an apartment building in Long Binh Ward, Thu Duc City, Ho Chi Minh City, said that in the past time, many residents have complained about the situation of raising dogs and cats in the apartment. affect other residents. However, according to the purchase and sale contract, or the current law, there is no regulation on banning dogs and cats, so it is very difficult to handle.
“It is necessary to go through the apartment building conference to vote on whether to allow cats and dogs in the apartment building or not…”, Ms. Ha said.
With dogs outside freely entering the urban area, the management board sends an official letter to the ward People’s Committee for support. But currently, the Ward People’s Committee does not have specialized teams to handle, mainly reminding and sanctioning some households for letting their dogs roam freely into urban areas, but not completely resolved.
There should be a management mechanism, synchronous throughout the city
Regarding the dog hunting model, some localities are currently organizing the implementation of this model. According to Mr. Ha Tuan Phuong, this is a new model, good practice and needs to be applied locally, but in order to implement this model, the locality also faces many difficulties:
The first is the difficulty of personnel in setting up a team to catch stray dogs: To catch stray dogs safely, catchers need to have professional skills and specialized tools.
The second is the cost of organizing the implementation of the model: funding for the regime for personnel of the working group, funding for specialized tools.
The third is the direction of livestock handling after implementing the model: Arrange a place to keep, take care of, monitor the situation of livestock, identify the pet owner in case the pet has rabies, must have a place to destroy, processed immediately…
The fourth is the issue of vaccination against rabies in place: The staff of the health station can not take care of vaccination on the spot. The ward must coordinate with the District 10 Veterinary Station to vaccinate domestic animals against rabies on an annual basis.
Therefore, in order to perform well the management of livestock, it is necessary to have a synchronous management mechanism throughout the city on livestock issues, namely the process of detecting and handling cases of stray dogs and stray dogs. unclean cause environmental pollutionDog bites people…