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Experts suggest principles of choosing industries and professions

Students should arrange in order of priority: industry, profession, school and should only choose a career that suits their interests and interests.

The Career Counseling Program – Enrollment 2022 took place on the morning of May 15, with the participation of experts in the field of education and career guidance to help grade 12 students orientate their choice of majors, careers, and training schools. suitable.

According to Assoc. Dr. Tran Thanh Nam – Dean of Faculty, Educational Sciences, University of Education, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, we don’t know what the future will be like in the next 5-10 years. Many occupations may be lost, replaced by robots and many new occupations will appear.

Students need to face and adapt to change by planning and orienting their future career. When choosing a school, they must look to the labor market in the next 5-7 years.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tran Thanh Nam.  Photo: Baoquocte

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tran Thanh Nam. Image: Baoquocte

Assoc. Dr. Tran Thanh Nam introduced Five principles of choosing a career: You should only choose a career that matches your interests; Do not choose a profession that does not meet the conditions; Only choose when fully understanding about the profession (conditions, environment, nature, difficulties, challenges…); Do not choose a profession that society no longer needs; Choose a career that meets the values ​​that you consider important.

When applying these principles, students need to rely on objective data or empirical scientific models, rather than on feelings. In addition, to make the right choice, you should also know how the labor market is in need of qualified human resources.

“The market only needs about 15.4% of people with a university degree or higher, but in fact, candidates with this qualification are very large – 66.9%, leading to many bachelors not finding suitable jobs,” he said. Male analysis.

Vietnam currently has about 240 universities, with 1.7 million students. Statistics for three years, from 2019 to 2020, show that the country has an average of 240,000 university graduates every year. This is an important structure in the country’s high-quality human resources, according to Mr. Bui Van Linh – Director of the Center for Training Support and Manpower Supply, Ministry of Education and Training.

In 2020, 10 major training fields and disciplines with 10,000 or more graduates, including Business, Management, Health, Science, Education, Teacher Training, Technology, Engineering, Humanities, Law. The number of graduates from these 10 disciplines is 204,562, accounting for 83.7% of the number of graduates.

The five fields with the least graduates are Mathematics and Statistics (593), Veterinary Medicine (715), Transportation Services (1,338), Social Services (1,600), Arts (1,800).

Dr. Tran Dinh Ly – Vice President of Nong Lam University in Ho Chi Minh City, said that when advising students, teachers need to prioritize, answer three questions of the career circle: Which profession are you suitable for; What major to study to do that job; Choose which school to study.

Mr. Ly mentioned the concept of complete career guidance to decide majors and schools, including the following criteria: understanding yourself (character, academic ability); understand suitable employment; understand the right discipline and understand the right school.

To understand which profession he is suitable for, Prof. Nam thinks that he can use the standard toolkit of schools; or psychological testing tools like O*Net or John Holland…

The Holland test is used by many universities around the world. This theory divides people into six personality types: artistic, research, technical, social, managerial and professional groups. They provide a basis for comparing their natural interests and abilities with the requirements of occupational groups, thereby being able to orient their careers according to the most appropriate industry group.

Experts say that, when students know their own inclinations and choose a major, students begin to choose schools and consider other criteria such as prestige, facilities, tuition fees, and geographical area. , enrollment conditions and training model of the school.


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