Giải trí

Making this mistake when giving first aid to sports injuries can have serious consequences-Life Health

Thursday, May 19, 2022 08:22 AM (GMT+7)

One of the wrong first aid injuries that many people have is that as soon as they have a sports injury, the wound is swollen and painful, many people choose to apply heat at the injured site and think that this way will help them heal. reduce swelling and pain. But this approach is completely wrong.

A series of injuries can be encountered while playing sports

Talking to a reporter of Health and Life newspaper, Ths.BS Phan Ba ​​Hai, Deputy Head of the Department of Upper Extremity Surgery and Sports Medicine, Viet Duc Hospital, said that sports injuries are inevitable, especially In professional competition, for example, during the 31st SEA Games taking place in Vietnam – bringing together more than 40 sports with 526 different competitions. Any team of athletes has its own medical team to support the athletes during the competition.

Making this mistake when giving first aid to sports injuries can have serious consequences - 1

Sports injuries are very common in both professional athletes and casual sportspeople.

Not only professional athletes but any sportsperson is at risk of injury. Sports injuries are more common in joints than in bones, especially knees, shoulders, ankles, wrists, etc.

According to Ths. Dr. Phan Ba ​​Hai, according to the degree of injury, can be divided into mild, moderate and severe. The most common and common injury in sports players is a sprain. “This is just a way of calling folk from the past to now,” said Dr. Hai. In essence, sprains are injuries that stretch ligaments, divided by degrees, corresponding to millimeters. Grade 1, 2 ligament strains are mild and do not require too much intervention, the patient only needs first aid, immobilization, rest and other rehabilitation measures. But at level 3, there is a possibility of ligament rupture, the patient must be operated on soon.

Making this mistake when giving first aid to sports injuries can have serious consequences - 3

First aid for injuries to soccer players on the field.

Signs of a sports injury

Ths.BS Phan Ba ​​Hai points out the symptoms and signs of a person getting injured while doing sports:

Pain at the site of injury.

– Unable to lift arms, legs, or move as usual.

– Joints do not achieve normal range of motion.

– There are cases that after a few days, a few hours, even a few months, the patient is discovered to have a sports injury when going to the doctor.

“Those are chronic injuries. Immediately upon impact, the patient suffers an injury, often of a mild degree, without knowing it or not realizing it. After applying rehabilitation measures, they walk and exercise. It is not until the symptoms become more and more intense, which may appear as muscle atrophy, weakness, or inability to do things that they used to do before, that the patient becomes ill. At that time, the disease was severe, someone went to the hospital with a torn ligament and had to have surgery,” said Dr. Hai.

Making this mistake when giving first aid to sports injuries can have serious consequences - 4

Ths.BS Phan Ba ​​Hai is pointing to a case of injury to the cruciate ligament of the knee due to a collision in sports.

Wrong first aid can aggravate the injury

Dr. Hai shared: “If the patient is unfortunately injured, but the patient does not receive first aid properly, using inappropriate first-aid measures will leave severe sequelae, which are difficult to handle later.”

For example, when there are people who have an injury, they feel that a part of the limb is misaligned, so they should correct it themselves, or some people choose the method of wrapping leaves to treat injuries after sports. Dr. Hai said, there was a patient who sprained the leaves after spraining and stretching the ligaments for many weeks, and when he went to the hospital, the doctors had to deal with very serious consequences. . More dangerous, there is a case of necrosis exposing tendons and bones due to unknown ingredients in the raw materials used in the leaves, said Dr. Hai.

Dr. Hai advised, in addition to emergency circulatory arrest, which is very rare in sports injuries, any sports person needs to know 4 basic principles when giving first aid for mild sports injuries, usually: rest (immobilization), bandage, apply ice, and elevate the extremity. When applying ice, it is important to wrap ice in layers of towels to avoid causing frostbite to the patient.

Making this mistake when giving first aid to sports injuries can have serious consequences - 5

Making this mistake when giving first aid to sports injuries can have serious consequences - 6

Injuries with swelling should absolutely not apply heat, only apply ice to the wound, but pay attention to avoid cold burns.

Injured people absolutely should not apply heat to the painful swelling.

Ths.BS Phan Ba ​​Hai, Deputy Head of the Department of Upper Extremity Surgery and Sports Medicine, Viet Duc Hospital

During sports competitions when athletes have an injury, the doctor often applies a cold spray to the swollen area. Dr. Hai explained, after injury, the body often appears hematoma, swelling … these are inflammatory reactions of the body. If the temperature is increased, the reactions in the body occur faster, making the swelling more uncomfortable and painful. This is the reason that when giving first aid to injuries in general and sports injuries in particular, you should not apply heat, only cold compresses. Many people make this mistake in trauma management.

In addition, Ths.BS Phan Ba ​​Hai also advised, if when playing sports, unfortunately have a serious injury that leads to broken leg, arm or serious software damage, the patient should be immobilized and fixed with a bandage. splint to avoid secondary displacement and immediately bring the patient to the hospital for timely treatment by doctors. Ideally, when playing sports, sports people need to equip themselves with knowledge to prevent sports injuries.

You are reading the article Making this mistake when giving first aid to sports injuries can have serious consequences-Life Health
at Blogtuan.info – Source: 24h.com.vn – Read the original article here

Back to top button