The report states: During the implementation of the 2018 General Education Program, many voters, people and public opinion are concerned about the subject regulations. History The upper secondary level is an elective subject, not a compulsory subject; At the same time, he thinks that this regulation will affect the goal of educating students about patriotism and national history traditions.
On the basis of summarizing voters’ opinions before the 3rd session of the 15th National Assembly, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly assigned the Committee on Culture and Education to continue to supervise the implementation of Resolution No. 88/2014. /QH13 of the National Assembly on the renovation of general education curricula and textbooks, including content related to History subjects at the high school level, reports to the National Assembly Standing Committee for consideration and approval. idea.
Following the direction of the National Assembly Standing Committee, the Culture and Education Committee held a seminar to consult experts, scientists, and teachers; Attending a meeting of the Government Office on History subject in the General Education Program…
3 possibilities when History is the subject of choice
According to the Committee for Culture and Education, the 2018 General Education Program is divided into 2 phases: a 9-year basic education phase (from grade 1 to grade 9), a 3-year career orientation phase (from grade 1 to grade 9). 10th to 12th grade), showing the meticulousness and science, generally meeting the requirements of innovation and in line with the reality of Vietnam. Up to now, the 2018 General Education Program has been implemented for grades 1 (school year 2020 – 2021), grades 2 and 6 (school year 2021-2022) and continues to be implemented for grades 3, 7 and 3. 10th grade (school year 2022-2023).
The third session, the 15th National Assembly.
The 2018 general education program has thoroughly grasped the spirit of the Party’s Resolution on fundamental and comprehensive renovation of education and training; Resolution of the National Assembly and Decision of the Government on renovation of general education curricula and textbooks; formulated and promulgated according to the provisions of law; mobilize the force of teachers, education administrators, scientists with experience and reputation in education to participate in the development and evaluation of the Program.
History is a compulsory subject in the entire basic education stage (Primary and Lower Secondary level) and an elective subject in the career-oriented education stage (High School). , designed in the direction of depth.
The Committee for Culture and Education analyzed that when History at the high school level is an optional subject, there will be 3 possibilities.
If students choose History as one of the 5 elective subjects, they will study for a total of 210 periods/3 school years (an increase of 70 hours compared to the 2006 General Education Program).
If a student chooses History as one of the 5 elective subjects, and at the same time chooses the subject of study as History, the student will study for a total of 315 periods/3 academic years (an increase of 175 hours compared to the previous chapter). general education program 2006).
If students do not choose History, they will not take any more classes. General knowledge stops at elementary and middle school curriculum knowledge and integrates in some other subjects. About 140 hours less than the 2006 General Education Program.
Just like at the basic education stage, at the upper secondary level, the content of history education is also included in the local educational content, in which there are topics about local history that take up about approx. 10 lessons/year for each class. At the same time, the subject of National Defense and Security Education at the upper secondary level is a compulsory subject with a duration of 35 hours/school year, in which educating students about the nation’s tradition of fighting against foreign invasion, the armed forces and the armed forces. People’s page and Vietnamese military art.
Innovating teaching methods and testing methods for History subject
The Committee for Culture and Education said that compared with the History curriculum in the 2006 General Education Program, the History curriculum in the 2018 General Education Program has many new points.
Students learn more about History during visual lessons at the History Museum. Photo: VNA
Accordingly, the Program is built in the direction of streamlining, reducing academic knowledge, focusing on building students’ competencies and qualities; focus on innovation in methods and forms of teaching, testing and assessment; encourage self-study, active learning and creativity of students. Contents of the History curriculum at the Primary level are designed according to the scope of gradually expanding geographical space and social space; From geography, the history of the locality, region, and country of Vietnam to the geography and history of neighboring countries, regions, and the world, helping students become familiar with some basic contents of history. Vietnam and world history.
The history curriculum at the high school level (grades 10 to 12) is designed according to a system of topics and topics of study, helping students to form and develop historical thinking, systematic thinking. system, critical thinking, skills in exploiting and using historical sources, understanding and presenting history in chronological and synchronous logic, connecting the past with the present…
The results of the synthesis of recommendations of voters, people, experts, scientists and teachers show that the majority of opinions disagree with the inclusion of History at the high school level as an elective subject. . Because History is a particularly important subject, playing a key role in political and ideological education for the young generation; educating patriotism, national self-respect, cultural and historical traditions; foster the capacity to think, act, and behave properly in social life; thereby forming the qualities of Vietnamese citizens and global citizens in the development trend of the times.
In addition, in terms of age group psychophysiology, high school students (from 15 to 17 years old) have cognitive maturity, better receptivity to the history of the country and the history of the Vietnamese revolution. Male. This is also the age that determines the formation of worldview, system of views about nature, society, principles and codes of conduct, and human value orientation.
In terms of educational science, fostering historical knowledge for high school students is necessary in order to develop a comprehensive human being, arouse patriotic traditions, national pride, beliefs and aspirations. develop a prosperous and happy country of Vietnamese people. However, if students do not choose history at the high school level (practices show that this number can be as high as 50%), they will not have access to very important knowledge, educational significance for this age group.
Especially, in many countries around the world, History subject in the High School Program is always a compulsory subject.
The Committee on Culture and Education agreed with the views of the Ministry of Education and Training on listening to the opinions of experts, scientists and people regarding History subject; the need to consider the plan for the teaching of History subject at the high school level and consult the competent authorities in the coming time.
The Committee for Culture and Education believes that History should be identified as a particularly important position in the General Education Program in the spirit of President Ho Chi Minh’s teachings and in the spirit of Resolution No. /2015/QH13 dated November 27, 2015 of the National Assembly, at the same time ensuring the goal of “focusing on ideal education, cultural traditions, history …”, forming personality, patriotism, understanding , awareness of ethnic traditions of students and for the younger generation.
From these analysis, the Committee for Culture and Education proposed the Ministry of Education and Training to collect opinions of the people, history experts, National Assembly deputies, and prescribe History subjects. The upper secondary level in the 2018 General Education Program is a compulsory subject with an appropriate amount of knowledge; continue to innovate teaching methods and methods of examination, examination and evaluation of educational results for the subject; and at the same time inspire students to love History.
The Ministry of Education and Training needs to strengthen communication about the 2018 General Education Program in general and the History Program in particular to increase the consensus and support of the society in the implementation. /.
at Blogtuan.info – Source: vtv.vn – Read the original article here