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World records more than 200 cases of monkeypox

Smallpox symptoms in monkeys usually last two to four weeks. (Photo: CDC)

This is the announcement made by the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC) in the epidemiological announcement published on May 25.

According to the agency, more than 10 countries, mostly in Europe, have reported at least 1 case of the disease monkey pox. This is the first time this chain of infection has been recorded in Europe, which has little epidemiological link to West or Central Africa. Most of the cases are young men who self-identify as having sex with men.

The total number of cases of monkeypox in the world recorded as of May 25 was 5 times higher than the number of cases announced 5 days ago, when the statistics began.

The UK, which detected the first case in early May, currently has the highest number of patients (71), followed by Spain (51 patients) and Portugal (37 cases). Outside of Europe, Canada recorded 15 cases and the US 9 cases.

The disease is known as monkeypox because it was first detected by Danish experts in macaques in 1958. About 12 years later, the first human cases were detected in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the West. Fly. Scientists think that, not only due to exposure to monkeys, monkey smallpox virus It can also be transmitted to humans through close contact with rats or other rodents in the southern Sahara. Since then, the disease has spread to other countries but is generally under control in West Africa. However, in the past few weeks, cases of monkeypox have emerged in Europe and North America.

The world recorded more than 200 cases of monkeypox disease - Photo 1.

Monkeypox has spread to dozens of countries outside of Africa. (Photo: AP)

In general, monkeypox is most easily recognized by the changes in the skin, which begin with red lesions, go through different stages and eventually crust over after the incubation period of the virus ends. . Common symptoms of the disease include headache, fever, chills, muscle aches, and exhaustion.

Health officials recommend that, if small, red lesions appear on the skin, people should contact a doctor or local health agency to promptly perform tests and trace the next source. contact, infection. However, according to experts, compared with the SARS-CoV-2 virus, monkeypox is much more difficult to spread to other people. While the SARS-CoV-2 virus can be spread through airborne droplets and particles, monkeypox virus is usually spread through close and long-term physical contact with an infected person or animal. WHO Europe expert Richard Pebody emphasized that frequent hand washing, good hygiene and safe sex are the best measures to prevent the risk of disease spreading.

Because monkeypox is related to smallpox, a vaccine is available. Smallpox, which kills millions each year, was “wiped out” in 1980 thanks to a worldwide vaccination campaign.

The smallpox vaccine is 85% effective in preventing monkeypox, although the vaccine’s effectiveness declines over time.

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