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Note from day 3 to day 7 of the illness if you don’t want your child to be in danger

Information from the Center for Disease Control of Ho Chi Minh City, as of May 20, the cumulative number of dengue cases in the city was 8,481 (up 28% over the same period in 2021). There were 175 cases of severe dengue (an increase of nearly 7 times compared to the same period in 2021) and 7 deaths.

MSc Le Phan Kim Thoa – Head of Pediatrics Department of Tam Anh General Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City noted that parents should follow the doctor’s instructions for treatment at home or need to be hospitalized for treatment. In most cases of dengue fever, children can be treated at home, just follow the doctor’s advice about monitoring and follow-up.

– Children with dengue fever It is necessary to limit vigorous exercise because it can cause injury, especially in these days, complications can occur from the third to the seventh day of the disease.

– A difficult thing when taking care of children with dengue fever is that the patient eats poorly. Therefore, parents should pay attention to divide meals into small meals, especially for children to drink enough water. Parents should give their children liquid foods that are easy to digest and suitable for their taste. Care should be taken to avoid feeding or drinking foods that are black or red in color because if the baby vomits/vomits, it will be difficult to distinguish if it is blood or the color of the food he has eaten. This also makes it difficult for doctors to diagnose the disease.

– Severe dengue can occur from the third day onwards, especially, the disease is easy to get worse when the child’s fever decreases during this period. Therefore, parents need to pay attention to closely monitor the temperature.

Dengue fever is often accompanied by liver damage. Most of the hospital admissions recorded elevated liver enzymes. In order to avoid affecting liver function, parents should reduce fever by cooling, taking antipyretic drugs according to the dose given by the doctor, parents should not automatically increase the dose of antipyretic.

– It is necessary to pay attention to choose the antipyretic drug of the Paracetamol group, do not arbitrarily use other antipyretic drugs without consulting a doctor because it can cause serious complications such as liver damage, brain damage or severe bleeding.

Parents need to pay attention to some warning signs that their children are in danger and need to take them to the hospital immediately, which are: the baby sleeps a lot, lethargy, doesn’t play, is irritable, vomiting a lot, can’t eat, constant fussiness; older babies may have symptoms such as abdominal pain or vomiting; baby can’t drink water; the baby has bleeding gums, nosebleeds, bloody or black stools, bloody urine; Baby has little or no breathing.

In particular, do not arbitrarily send your baby to receive intravenous fluids at medical facilities outside the hospital. Because when using intravenous fluids for children with dengue fever, doctors need to rely on tests, examinations and assessment of the child’s disease stage to choose the type of infusion as well as the speed and duration of the infusion. Infusion too early or too late is harmful to the child“, Dr. Thoa recommended.

  Children with dengue fever: Note from day 3 to day 7 of the disease if you don't want your child to be in danger - Photo 1.

Dengue fever is currently happening very complicatedly. Illustration.

Effective prevention of dengue fever

According to Dr. Thoa, at present, dengue fever is still a burden for tropical countries. This is a disease that occurs every year according to the season, but many people often ignore it. When there is an outbreak, the number of infections and the number of deaths is suddenly changed, only people can prevent it.

There are four types of dengue fever, designated as D1, D2, D3, D4. All four types of this disease are found in Vietnam and alternately cause epidemics. Immunity formed after disease is specific for each type. Therefore, if you don’t know how to prevent it, each person can experience 4 diseases in his life by 4 different types.

Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent dengue fever, no specific drug to treat it, and it is still a potential risk. The most effective way to prevent mosquitoes is to kill mosquitoes and limit the mosquito’s habitat. Early detection of disease, timely access to the hospital to reduce the number of deaths.

To limit the living environment of mosquitoes, the standing water in the house must be cleaned up, the water tank needs to have a lid, it is necessary to remove waste such as car tires, broken bowls that can collect water…

Mosquito bites can be prevented by wearing long sleeves, sleeping under a mosquito net, and placing nets at windows. The characteristic of mosquitoes that cause dengue fever is that mosquitoes are active during the day, so parents need to have a habit of using nets even when napping. In particular, mosquitoes that cause dengue fever bite most in the early morning and evening, so parents must pay attention to the time to protect their children, and limit their children’s going to places where they are likely to be bitten by mosquitoes. 20220529132901553.htm

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