According to the results of the 2019 Population and Housing Census of the General Statistics Office, among 88.4 million people aged 5 and over, the number of migrants is 6.4 million, accounting for 7.3%. In which, the Southeast is the region with the largest number of immigrants with more than 1.3 million people and the Mekong River Delta is the region with the largest number of out-migrants with more than 724,000 people.
In 2019, TP. Ho Chi Minh is the locality with the highest number of immigrants in the country with 772,000 people, nearly 300,000 higher than Binh Duong, the second ranked province. Following are Hanoi, Dong Nai, Da Nang, Long An, Can Tho, Thai Nguyen and Ba Ria – Vung Tau. These are mainly provinces with many industrial parks, high job opportunities.
10 localities with the highest number of immigrants in the country. Source: GSO
Besides, some provinces such as Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, An Giang, City. Ho Chi Minh… has a relatively high number of migrants. In which, Thanh Hoa and An Giang are the two localities with the highest number of out-migrants with about 140,000 people. Nationally, there are 12 provinces with a positive net migration rate, which means that there are more immigrants than out-migrants. Binh Duong province has the highest positive net migration rate (200.4‰) with more than 489 thousand people immigrating but only about 38,000 people leaving the province.
10 localities with the highest number of emigrants in the country. Source: GSO
In addition, the report also breaks down the number of immigrants and migrants by sex. The number of male immigrants is more than 967,000 people, lower than the number of female immigrants with more than 995,000 people. City. Ho Chi Minh City is home to the highest number of immigrants for both men and women. In which, males accounted for 49.67% of the total number of immigrants and females accounted for 50.33%.
Thanh Hoa is a province with both male and female emigrants, with males accounting for 48% of the total number of immigrants and females accounting for 52%. According to the General Statistics Office, the disparity in migration between the sexes is gradually shifting towards a balance.
The technical qualification of migrants has improved compared to 10 years ago, increasing from 22.9% in 2009 to 37.2% in 2019 and higher than that of non-migrants, the report said. In 2019, the proportion of migrants with professional and technical qualifications was 17.5 percentage points higher than that of non-migrants.
Of the total number of migrant workers working in the economy, up to 91.4% of migrants work in the service, industrial and construction sectors. In addition, the unemployment rate of migrants is 2.53%, of which female migrants have a higher unemployment rate than men. Female migrants have a higher unemployment rate than male migrants, at 2.82% and 2.20%, respectively.
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