Artifacts dating to about 2,500 years ago, during the Late Egyptian period, from the Egyptian antiquities set. The trove was found at the “Cemetery of Ancient Animals” in Saqqara, a temple complex on the outskirts of Cairo related to the ancient Egyptian goddess, who was worshiped there in the form of a cat.
However, the complex was renamed in 2019, after archaeologists discovered different types of animal mummies and statues of various Egyptian gods there.
Among the discoveries found on May 30, archaeologists discovered many figurines depicting cats and Egyptian gods and various gods and goddesses.
The director of the excavation, Mohammed Al Saidi said: “Today’s discovery confirms that the temple was not dedicated to cats but to other Egyptian gods.”
The cemetery at Saqqara is located near the edge of a desert plateau about 25 kilometers south of Cairo. The ancient tomb site has been the site of large-scale excavations by Egyptian archaeologists since 2018. This is the fifth largest artifact found there – including 59 mummies found in 2020 and there are still a lot of years of work left to do.
The latest finds include about 150 bronze statues of ancient Egyptian gods, such as Anubis, the god of death often depicted with the head of a jackal; Osiris, king of the dead; Amon-Min, a fertility god often depicted with an erect penis; Nefertem, son of Bastet; Isis, wife of Osiris and goddess of fertility; and Hathor, a hugely popular goddess who was considered the protector of women.
Archaeologists have also found two painted wooden statues of the goddesses Isis and Neftis, or Nephthys – Isis’s sister. Both goddesses are depicted as guardians of the coffin, and each of the two statues has a face made of layers of gold leaf.
Archaeologists also found a papyrus scroll – paper made from reeds – in the same coffin; it has not been rolled up, but archaeologists think it may have been up to 10 meters long and contained chapters of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, a ritual text intended to guide a dead person’s journey through the world. the other side. It has now been sent to a lab for further testing.
This is the first time that any artifacts from the Late Egyptian period have been found at Saqqara, according to a statement from the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities.
Mustafa Waziri, General Secretary of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities, noted that the early stages of excavations at Saqqara unearthed the unique tomb of a priest and official named “Wahtye”, lived around 2,500 BC during the Fifth Dynasty.
Excavators have also discovered seven dolmens at the site: three from the New Kingdom period of Egypt (1570 BC to 1069 BC) and four from the Old Kingdom period (from 2575 BC) BC to 2150 BC).
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