After heavy rains, many risk factors can arise, especially people living in flooded areas are susceptible to skin diseases.
5 skin diseases that “eat on” flooded water
According to master, doctor Nguyen Thi Thao Nhi – Central Hospital of Dermatology, frequent rainy weather makes the environment, wet, living environment is often flooded, creating favorable conditions for parasites, bacteria and viruses. bacteria have the opportunity to multiply and be active. When penetrated, the skin is very vulnerable to damage, inflammation leading to dermatological diseases.
Dermatologists recommend the following 5 diseases that can be “eaten” in the rainy and flooded seasons.
Folliculitis can be caused by bacteria or fungi. When hair follicles become inflamed, they become red, swollen, and can form pustules. Folliculitis usually occurs on areas of the body that are sweaty or wet, such as the arms, back, chest, thighs, etc.
This is a skin disease caused by a parasite Sarcoptes scabie (also known as scabies). Scabies manifests on the skin with red nodules, blisters in the young skin areas and very itchy at night.
The erratic fluctuations of temperature and humidity during the rainy season are favorable conditions for scabies to multiply and develop. Scabies is highly contagious, so many people in the same family can get sick. The disease causes a lot of itching, so it greatly affects daily life.
Third, contact dermatitis
This is a non-communicable skin disease, characterized by red, inflamed skin that may appear blisters and itchy. The disease is caused by skin contact with rain water containing a number of chemicals, toxic gases, microorganisms … causing skin irritation.
Wednesday, skin fungus
The condition of the skin that is often wet in the rainy season is a favorable condition for the growth of fungi. Common sites of fungal infections in the rainy season such as fungus between the toes, inguinal fungus, body fungus …
Toenail fungus is a fungal infection of the skin between the toes, usually between the 4 and 5 toes. The stratum corneum of the skin is rich in keratin, which is the preferred source of nutrients for filamentous fungi. The filamentous fungus invades and causes inflammation in the stratum corneum of the skin. When in the rainy season, some people with wet feet and poor hygiene are prone to this condition.
Inguinal thrush is also a fungal infection of the skin in the groin area, causing the appearance of red, itchy, scaly patches that spread slowly. Some people, when they see these symptoms, are quite worried and buy some topical corticosteroids to apply.
The application of these drugs makes the skin condition worse. The disease often occurs in the rainy season because clothes get wet easily, making the groin area, which is poorly ventilated, hot and humid, which is a favorable environment for fungal growth.
Fifth, bacterial skin infections
Manifestations of skin infection are hot, red, painful, watery, possibly pus-filled, skin ulcers. The wound may close with yellow or brown, surrounding inflammation.
Poor hygiene conditions, cleaning workers after floods are prone to skin damage, creating conditions for bacteria to attack.
According to Dr. Thao Nhi, in the above mentioned rainy season skin diseases, some diseases can be cured by themselves with good care and hygiene. However, most cases need to be treated with appropriate oral and topical medications to completely recover from the disease as well as prevent its spread.
As recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
Sanitize the living environment, ensure the supply of clean water.
Minimize contact with dirty water sources, stagnant water sources for a long time.
Wear protective gear if you must go to flooded areas.
Avoid contact with flood water if you have an open wound.
Wash the wound with soap and clean water.
Clean and cover the wound with a waterproof bandage to reduce the risk of infection.
If the wound is red, swollen, or draining, you should go to the nearest medical facility for treatment.
Therefore, in these rainy days, if there are unusual skin problems, go to hospitals with dermatology specialties for treatment.
at Blogtuan.info – Source: infonet.vietnamnet.vn – Read the original article here