Thyroid cancer is common in people over the age of 30, and women are two to three times more likely to develop it than men.
Uhm Jung Hwa – a famous singer and actress of the land of kimchi once had to step back from the limelight for 8 years to fight thyroid cancer. During the treatment, part of the female star’s vocal cords became paralyzed and could not speak for eight months. Even the lengthy treatment made “Korea Madonna” think that she could not appear on stage again. Currently, she is recovering from treatment and preparing for many of her new projects.
Thyroid cancer symptoms
Symptoms of thyroid cancer can include:
A painless lump or swelling in the front of the neck, even though only 1 out of 20 lumps in the neck is cancerous.
– Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
– Unexplained hoarseness and doesn’t get better after a few weeks
– Sore throat
– Difficulty swallowing.
If experiencing the above symptoms, the patient should go to the doctor to determine the correct status of his disease.
Types of thyroid cancer
There are 4 main types of thyroid cancer:
Papillary carcinoma – the most common type, accounting for about 8 out of 10 cases, it usually affects people under the age of 40, especially women.
Follicular carcinoma – accounts for up to 1 in 10 cases and tends to affect middle-aged adults, especially women.
– Medullary thyroid carcinoma – accounts for less than 1/10 cases. Unlike other types, this cancer can be passed on to the next generation.
Non-reproductive thyroid carcinoma – the rarest and most serious type, accounts for about 1 in 50 cases and it usually affects people over 60 years of age.
Papillary and follicular carcinomas are sometimes referred to as differentiated thyroid carcinomas. They tend to be easier to treat than other types of thyroid cancer.
Causes of thyroid cancer
Thyroid cancer occurs when there is a change in the DNA inside thyroid cells that causes them to grow uncontrollably and create a tumor. It’s not clear what causes this change, but there are several things that can increase your risk, such as:
– Thyroiditis or underactive thyroid
– Family history of thyroid cancer
Childhood radiation exposure (radiotherapy)
The body produces too much growth hormone
Thyroid cancer treatments
Thyroid cancer treatment depends on the type of cancer you have and how far it has spread. Treatment methods may include:
Surgery – to remove part or all of the thyroid gland.
– Radioactive iodine treatment – you swallow a radioactive substance that travels through the blood and kills cancer cells
– External radiation therapy – a machine is used to direct a beam of radiation at cancer cells to destroy them
– Chemotherapy and targeted therapies – drugs used to kill cancer cells
In fact, about 9 out of 10 people with thyroid cancer are still alive and active for 5 years after being diagnosed with the disease. Many people with the disease have been cured and lead normal lives. However, the outlook for a cure depends on the type of cancer a person has. Therefore, maintain a positive life habit, exercise regularly, eat healthy to keep the body always full of life, repel all unwanted diseases.
at Blogtuan.info – Source: 24h.com.vn – Read the original article here