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Subjects at high risk of health problems in hot weather

Those who are at high risk of having health problems when the heat lasts for a long time

Hot weather makes everyone uncomfortable, tired, if not replenished with water in time as well as avoiding the sun properly, diseases are easy to “inquire”. There are a number of people who are at high risk for health problems, including:

Infants and young children.

People 65 years and older.

Overweight and obese people.

People who are overworked while working or exercising outdoors.

People with pre-existing medical conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure, people who are taking certain medications such as antidepressants, insomnia or people with circulation problems …

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Young children, the elderly and people with chronic diseases are at risk of health problems in hot weather

For the above subjects, the US CDC recommends monitoring their health more often to prevent the risk of exhaustion, dehydration or heatstroke. With loved ones, watch out for babies and young children who are at high risk at least once a day.

Ways to cool the body when it’s hot

Provide enough water for the body

Drink a lot of water: In hot weather, the human body is easy to lose water, need to drink more water, don’t wait until thirsty to drink.

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Drinking more water than usual is a way to reduce body temperature in hot weather.

If you are sick, don’t drink a lot of waterask your doctor about how much water you should drink in hot weather.

Avoid alcoholic beverages or drinks with a lot of sugar, because these are foods that cause your body to lose more fluids. Drinking too cold a drink can cause stomach cramps.

Consider adding salt and minerals when it’s hot outside, because the hot sun makes the human body sweat a lot to cool the body, the sweat will be lost along with salt and minerals. At this point you can use electrolyte water or water with a little salt added. However, if you have diabetes, high blood pressure or are on a low-salt diet, talk to your doctor before consuming beverages with added salt.

Protect your body in hot weather

Wear appropriate clothing: Choose clothes that are thin, light, light, and loose.

Stay indoors in shade: Stay in an air-conditioned place as much as possible. If you don’t have air conditioning in your home, visit a shopping mall or public library — just a few hours in an air-conditioned room can help cool your body.

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When you feel dizzy, headache, dizzy, thirsty… most likely you are suffering from heatstroke, heatstroke

Using a fan can provide comfort, but when the ambient temperature rises, a cool fan is unlikely to prevent heat-related illnesses. One of the ways to effectively reduce body temperature is to take a cool shower, but it is still best to move to an air-conditioned place. Limit the use of stoves and ovens so as not to increase the heat in your home.

Schedule outdoor activities: Limit outdoor activities at hot times of the day, switch those activities to early morning or evening. Regularly rest in shady places to give your body a chance to recover.

Listen to your body: In sunny days, it is necessary to reduce the amount of outdoor work or do outdoor exercises, so change the job and practice in a shaded place. If you want to work and exercise in a hot environment, start with gentle exercises and gradually increase intensity. It must be remembered that, when working or exercising strenuously in a high temperature environment, if you feel your heart pounding and your breath gasping, stop all activities immediately, go to a cool area or in the shade. and relax. Some signs of heatstroke and heatstroke are more serious such as dizziness, dizziness, fatigue, fainting ….

Apply sunscreen: Sunburn affects your body’s ability to cool down and can make you dehydrated. If you must be outdoors in hot weather, protect yourself from the sun by wearing a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher at least 30 minutes before go out. After about 2-4 hours, you must reapply sunscreen according to the product’s instructions.

Ideally, look for sunscreens that say “broad spectrum sun protection” or “UVA/UVB protection” on the label.

Do not let children sit in cars in the sun: There have been many accidents that happened when adults “left” children in cars, especially in the summer, the car’s temperature rises very high when left in the sun even with the windows open. Children, especially babies, are at risk of heatstroke or even death if they are “left behind” in the car.

Avoid meals that are too hot and high in calories: In the summer, priority should be given to cooling and easy-to-digest foods. Avoid eating hot spicy foods, rich in fat because they will increase the body’s temperature, create a burden, difficult to absorb.

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