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The 26-year-old boy suffered a heart attack

Phu-ThoA 26-year-old man was drinking alcohol when he vomited, left chest pain, had difficulty breathing, was taken to the hospital for emergency treatment, the doctor diagnosed an acute myocardial infarction.

Doctors of Phu Tho General Hospital on June 9 informed that the patient was healthy, smoked about 1-2 packs per day, had no previous chronic diseases. When entering the hospital, the electrocardiogram doctor, taking a scan, noticed an acute myocardial infarction, completely blocking the anterior interventricular branch of the left coronary artery. The patient is prescribed medication, intervention to place a stent in the location of the blocked artery.

Image of a patient's coronary artery occlusion.  Photo: Provided by the hospital

Image of a patient’s coronary artery occlusion. Image: Hospital provides

A myocardial infarction is a sudden lack of blood supply to the heart due to a blockage in a coronary artery. The disease needs prompt emergency care, otherwise it can lead to myocardial damage, necrosis, heart failure, and death.

The most common cause of myocardial infarction is atherosclerosis. Atherosclerotic plaques build up over time and stick to the walls of blood vessels. Patients often have symptoms of palpitations, palpitations, especially angina pectoris, the degree of which can range from as little as heaviness, to severe pain like a stabbing, squeezing knife. The pain may radiate to the neck, lower jaw, left shoulder, back, abdomen or left arm, lasting 20-30 minutes or more. In addition, the patient feels shortness of breath, sweating, dizziness, dizziness, even fainting or sudden death.

Doctor Nguyen Van Son, Head of Cardiovascular Intervention Unit, said that this disease is common in middle-aged people about 40-50 years old, men have a habit of smoking, and have underlying diseases such as hypertension, diabetes. sugar, dyslipidemia. However, many recent studies in the world show that the average age of heart attack patients is gradually getting younger. The rate of myocardial infarction in young people is now more than 10% of all cases. Like the guy above, having a heart attack at a very young and healthy age is unusual.

There are many causes of myocardial infarction in young people, in which lifestyle has a great influence. An unscientific, unhealthy lifestyle easily causes rapid formation of atheroma. Some other causes such as stress, overweight, obesity, smoking… are risk factors. According to the report of the World Health Organization (WHO) and many scientists, smoking is one of the main causes of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

The above patient smoked for many years, which is one of the high risk factors for coronary artery stenosis, causing heart contractions, causing myocardial infarction. Fortunately, after the intervention, he had no difficulty breathing, less chest pain, and his health gradually stabilized.

According to Dr. Son, some measures to prevent the risk of disease are not smoking, planning to quit smoking if addicted; maintaining a scientific diet; Keep your weight within the allowable range. Besides, regular physical exercise 30 minutes/day; Keep your mind at ease, avoid stress as much as possible. In case you can’t get rid of long-term stress on your own, ask for help from relatives, friends, and psychologists.

When there are heart contractions, the patient should get checked. Doctors can perform stress electrocardiogram, this is a measure to help detect cardiovascular problems, especially, people who are prone to heart attacks such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, smoking. …

Thuy Quynh

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