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The pressure of the exam season can make many children depressed and traumatized

Dr. Duong Minh Tam, Head of the Stress Disorders Department (Institute of Mental Health, Bach Mai Hospital) said that at the time of the exam season to transition from high school to high school and university, many children aged 14-17 had encountered many problems about depressionstess.

Especially children who come for examination and treatment depressionstress comes from specialized classes, select classes more than regular classes.

Docile children are susceptible depression than

According to Dr. Tam, a study in 2019 -2020 at the National Children’s Hospital with students from 10-19 years old, showed that: 55.6% of children had psychological trauma (academic pressure 20%) , family pressure 20.5%, school friends 8.9%).

The pressure of the exam season can make many children depressed and traumatized - Photo 1.

The pressure of the exam season is the reason why many children fall into depressionstress. Illustration Pixabay

Research also shows that: Stress and depression most often seen at the age of 14 and 17, the time when students take the entrance exam to high school and university.

Stress is a state of physical (increased autonomic excitability) or psychological (feelings of discomfort, tension, loss of control) response to factors that disturb the balance of the individual and beyond the individual’s ability to adapt.

“What is remarkable is that depression more common in well-behaved and well-educated children.

Through the cases I examined and treated, it was found that, for the most part, the children came for examination and treatment depressionstress is coming from specialized schools, selected classes.

For good children with high academic achievement, they often have more self-pressure than those who are busy playing, position pressure in school, self-image in the eyes of family and teachers, and often live, think, and think about themselves. Thinking more responsible makes children have to make constant efforts.

These children are often stressed and depression, stress, especially when not meeting expectations will be more severe than other children. This shows that the pressure from study, pressure from family, pressure to achieve is one of the causes leading to stress in school age, “said Dr. Tam.

“Through medical history, most of the students suffered from chronic stress, the stress process had quietly developed from about 3-5 years ago, and the exam pressure was just the last drop of water.

Psychological development and personality changes of students coincide with puberty, so many parents implicitly accept that change.

It is only when children have behaviors that hurt themselves or are too abnormal that parents can identify and take the child to the hospital. depressionheavy stress,” said Dr. Tam.

Child identification signs depression

According to Dr. Tam, depression often happens silently. However, when children have the following behaviors, parents need to care and help children overcome depression:

The pressure of the exam season can make many children depressed and traumatized - Photo 3.

Dr. Minh Tam: Parents need to pay attention to recognize signs of depression in their children (Health check-up for children with depression at the Institute of Mental Health. Photo by BVCC)

– The first is self-destructive behavior (cuts on forearms or thighs, biting nails, clicking on fingertips ..). This self-injury is a way to relieve a child’s emotional turmoil.

– In addition, the child has unusual behaviors, contrary to the previous personality, such as becoming aggressive, rebellious or overly compliant, having a disorder in eating behavior such as eating too little or too much. , have sleep disorders such as sleeping too much or too little, boredom, decreased connection to society…

– Or there is a functional depression such as the child has abdominal pain, headache, stomach pain, gastrointestinal bleeding… These pains often appear when the child is about to enter the exam or before an important event. Once the event is over, the pain subsides.

The 5 R’s rule helps reduce stress and depression

According to Dr. Tam, depression, chronic stress can lead to serious health problems if it is not handled appropriately. Chronic stress weakens the body’s immune system, leading to a number of mental and physical illnesses such as depression and cardiovascular diseases.

The pressure of the exam season can make many children depressed and traumatized - Photo 4.

Timely sharing is a way to help children overcome depression. Illustration Pixabay

To deal with this situation, families can refer to the 5 R’s:

Recognition: identify causes and sources of stress, educate and raise awareness to overcome and adapt to stress.

Relationships: Seeking help, support, reassurance.

Removal: Removes stressors and triggers.

Relaxation: Relaxation through techniques such as meditation, massage, breathing exercises, etc.

Re-engagement: Re-engagement through managed re-exposure and desensitization.

“Besides the 5 Rs, a simple, easy-to-implement factor is supporting children’s sleep control. Sleep is essential for physical and mental health.

Children between 6 and 12 years old should sleep 9 to 12 hours a night. Teenagers need 8 to 10 hours per night. Sleep is a factor that needs to be prioritized to control stress,” emphasized Dr. Tam.

“Depression causes illness and the type of illness depends mainly on personality.

For children with weak personalities, romantics, writers and artists, closed personalities or lack of will, lack of energy, shyness, low self-esteem, guilt, lack of restraint, explosiveness, conflicts are often prone to stress than children with strong personality.

Therefore, families should build for children an environment of emulation, striving, mutual support and progress together. This helps children cope better with depression.

Exercise, physical activity is an essential stress reliever for people of all ages. Besides, being outdoors, spending time in nature is also an effective way to reduce stress and improve overall health.”

Dr. Duong Minh Tam

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