Enthusiasm is a white fungus commonly used in Asian countries. Mushrooms are bean sprouts shaped but with a large size. Mushroom caps when young are spherical or hemispherical, later turning into umbrellas. The mushroom cap is yellow in the middle with a darker yellow color. The stalk is white or light yellow, the lower half is light brown.
Enoki mushrooms not only have a delicious and unique taste but also bring many health benefits.
Nutritional composition of enoki mushrooms
Enoki mushrooms are rich in nutrients. Nutritional ingredients in 65 grams of enoki mushrooms include:
– Calories: 24
– Protein: 2 grams
– Fat: 0.2 grams
– Carbs: 5 grams
– Fiber: 2 grams
Vitamin B3: 29% of the Daily Value (DV)
– Pantothenic acid: 18% DV
– Vitamin B1: 12% DV
– Vitamin B2: 10% DV
– Dong: 8% DV
– Folate: 8% DV
– Phosphorus: 6% DV
Enoki mushrooms are high in vitamin B3, a micronutrient that the body uses to regulate cholesterol and promote brain health.
Additionally, enoki mushrooms contain small amounts of healthy pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), which the body needs to use to synthesize fatty acids.
The effect of enoki mushrooms
1. Rich in Antioxidants
Enoki mushrooms are an excellent source of antioxidants. These compounds may help neutralize harmful free radicals to protect cells from damage and oxidative stress. The antioxidants also help prevent many chronic diseases including heart disease, cancer and type 2 diabetes.
The antioxidants present in enoki mushrooms include: gallic acid, quercetin, ferulic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, ellagic acid, pyrogallol. The antioxidant content in enoki mushrooms can vary depending on the type of mushroom or where it was grown.
2. Slow down the growth of cancer cells
Scientific research has shown that enoki mushrooms have powerful anti-cancer properties. Test-tube studies show that enoki mushroom extract can suppress the growth of liver cancer cells.
Another test-tube study examined the effects of eight medicinal mushroom extracts, including shiitake mushrooms, and found that all were able to reduce the spread of cancer cells. breast and cervical cancer.
Test-tube studies show that certain compounds extracted from reishi mushrooms can block the growth of stomach cancer cells by up to 95%.
3. Supports Heart Health
Studies show that enoki mushrooms can help support several aspects of heart health. Research shows that the antioxidant content in enoki mushrooms can help slow the progression of atherosclerosis, a risk factor for heart disease characterized by the accumulation of fatty plaque in the blood vessels. artery.
In addition, needle mushroom extract may also help lower blood pressure, cholesterol and triglyceride levels, thereby supporting heart health, reducing the risk of heart attack, stroke.
4. Improve brain function
Research shows that enoki mushrooms have the ability to boost brain function and memory. Certain compounds extracted from reishi mushrooms may counteract the decline in learning and memory caused by a specific drug associated with memory loss and increase levels of certain substances. Antioxidants and neurotransmitters in the brain.
An animal study produced similar findings, showing that combining enoki mushroom extract with ginsenosides — a compound found in ginseng — could improve brain function in mice with Alzheimer’s disease. .
Another test-tube study found that reishi mushroom extract could help prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that regulates attention, learning, and memory.
5. Enhance immunity
Enoki mushrooms contain many beneficial vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, so it is not difficult to understand that the use of this mushroom will help the body strengthen immunity.
The use of reishi mushroom extract compounds may increase levels of certain immune cells, reduce airway inflammation, and increase immune cell production to help support healthy immune function. .
Harm of enoki mushrooms
Enoki mushrooms have two forms: plants that grow wild and plants that are grown by people. Wild needle mushrooms are pale pink in color, with a round cap, and a stout, inedible mushroom body. In contrast, cultivated mushrooms are white, long and small, growing in equal clusters, and can be eaten.
Fresh shiitake mushrooms are very nutritious, but when they are past their expiry date, they become stale and become toxic to the body. Expired shiitake mushrooms contain pathogenic bacteria and parasites. They affect the digestive system and have a high carcinogenic potential.
Some symptoms of botulism poisoning include:
– Abdominal pain for a long time, sweating a lot.
– Nausea, vomiting.
– Go out constantly.
When encountering these conditions, it is necessary to immediately go to a medical facility for examination and timely treatment measures.
at Blogtuan.info – Source: Eva.vn – Read the original article here