The Ministry of Education and Training has just announced the Regulation on enrollment of universities and colleges (universities and colleges) 2022. Accordingly, the new regulation focuses on fairness among candidates, between training institutions, as well as creating transparent.
Regulations and enrollment in 2022 are basically kept stable, promoting the advantages and successes gained from the enrollment work in previous years. The enrollment regulation has adjusted a number of contents to overcome difficulties and unreasonableness, create maximum favorable conditions for candidates and training institutions, improve enrollment policies, and ensure objectivity. , fairness among candidates and fairness between training institutions, as well as creating transparency and consensus in society.
Some new points in the enrollment regulations in 2022 are as follows:
The first, Candidates registering for the exam for the High School Graduation Exam and for admission to universities and colleges will take it online (on the Ministry’s Portal or the National Public Service Portal), facilitating IT application, Convenient for candidates anywhere, anytime.
Monday, All the candidates’ aspirations to apply for university admission (according to training institutions, disciplines, and methods) of the first round of formal training will be registered. and recorded into the system within a specified period of time, specifically from the end of the high school graduation exam until the announcement of the exam results and the results of the review scores (if any).
As a result, candidates take the initiative in terms of time and their wishes for registration; The registration and adjustment is done in one batch (instead of two batches as before), which is convenient for candidates and schools.
Tuesday, All the candidates’ wishes for the admission exam (by branches, methods, training institutions) of candidates in the whole system are pre-selected and pre-qualified by each school (if necessary) and uploaded to the application processing software. aspiration – the enrollment support system of the Ministry of Education and Training (as in 2021), and results in the successful candidate having the highest aspiration when meeting the conditions of the training institution.
Thus, the support system definitely helps candidates to get into the priority aspirations as possible, without having to worry about choosing between different admission methods.
Candidates do not have to confirm their admission in advance for other methods, pre-confirmation of admission may lose their chances of being admitted to the schools and majors of their choice, or the candidate must pay a fee. fee – reservation fee.
Wednesday, for industries that use multiple selection methods and multiple selection combinations at the same time, schools need to explain the appropriateness of the selection and allocation of quotas between these methods and combinations; ensure the method, the selection combination selects candidates who have the ability to study, and ensure fairness among candidates participating in the examination.
The change or addition of the recruitment method or combination must have a reasonable basis and schedule; do not reduce the target allocation ratio of a method or combination used in the previous year by more than 30% (in the target structure of the sector or training program) unless such change or addition has already occurred. announced at least 1 year before the time of opening registration; thereby, avoid affecting the study and practice of the candidates.
Thursday, Departments of Education and Training direct high schools to review and update on the industry database the students’ high school results to synchronize with the enrollment support system, in order to support candidates and schools. data in the recruitment process.
Candidates will not need to notarize or ask high schools to confirm their study results (reducing procedures for high schools), reducing administrative procedures for candidates, when applying for admission to many other training institutions. together. The training institutions have available high school study results for admission or use for pre-qualification without having to import from the candidate’s transcript, thereby helping to avoid errors and confusion.
Friday, Schools need to stipulate a plan to deal with possible risks during the enrollment process, clarify the commitment from the school, thereby helping candidates have a better chance, even though there may be risks. plan.
From 2023, schools develop their own enrollment regulations, based on the principles and minimum requirements specified in the 2022 Admission Regulations issued by the Ministry of Education and Training, including regulations on admissions for students. other forms of training, publicized on the training institution’s website.
Saturday, absorb the opinions of stakeholders in the process of developing and finalizing the draft enrollment regulation, in order to ensure fairness and the interests of candidates on the common ground of the whole system. In 2023, candidates will be entitled to the regional priority policy as prescribed in the year of graduating from high school (or intermediate school) and the following year for admission to universities and colleges.
Eighth, The calculation of priority points is adjusted to create fairness among groups of candidates from different areas and subjects.
Through the statistics of the high school graduation exam scores of the past 3 years, the group of candidates who do not receive priority points (accounting for 25% of the total number of graduates) always have a significantly higher score in all 3 subjects than the remaining groups of candidates. (groups are given priority points at different levels).
After adding priority points according to current regulations, the proportion of candidates with total points of 3 subjects below 22.5 points of the group that has added priority points is close to the group of candidates who do not receive priority points; This proves that the priority point addition has created fairness and increased opportunities to access higher education for groups of candidates with more difficult conditions.
However, data analysis shows that it is not unreasonable that the percentage of candidates with high scores of 22.5 points or more in the priority group has skyrocketed, much higher (at many points, even the percentage of students with high scores). this rate is twice as high) compared to the group of candidates who are not in the priority category. This leads to an unfairness when candidates approach and apply to industries and schools with a high level of competition; even leading to the phenomenon that some industries have benchmark scores approaching 30 points.
According to the Ministry of Education and Training, in order to overcome the above unreasonableness, ensure fairness in the whole system, and have a roadmap for application (from 2023), the Regulations stipulate: regional priority points and priorities. Subject preference for candidates with a total score of 22.5 points or more (out of a maximum total of 30 points in each combination of 3 subjects, equivalent to 7.5 points on a 10-point scale) is linearly reduced (up to 30 points). then the score is zero), specifically according to the formula:
Priority points are enjoyed by candidates = [(30 – Tổng điểm đạt được của thí sinh)/7,5] x The total priority score is determined normally.
The application of social policy is necessary, but the total number of candidates with different priorities is very large, accounting for 75% of the total number of graduates every year. Applying a priority policy is to help increase access to higher education and training for candidates in disadvantaged and disadvantaged areas, but it is also necessary to ensure fairness, avoid letting support That makes other groups of candidates disadvantaged and weak.
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