Apart from the meaning of “run”, the verb “run” has many other meanings when combined with the preposition.
1. Running across: Running across
Example: This morning he ran across the river and relaxed with the fresh water around his feet (This morning he ran across the river and felt relaxed with the cold water surrounding his feet).
– Worse still, children run across it without a word of greeting (Worse still, the kids ran past it without greeting).
2. Run against: Fight, fight, fight, advance for election
Example: He will run against his close friend in the last competition (He will face off against his best friend in the last competition).
– In some programs, children learn how to fight the leaders of small organizations (In some programs, children learn how to run for leadership positions in small organizations).
3. Run together: Run together
Example: The young wife ran along the platform, looked at the train window with tears in her eyes, they looked at each other silently (The young wife ran along the platform, with tears in her eyes, looked at the window of the carriage, they secretly looked at each other.).
– Old water pipes running along the old walls of the building, which seems unsafe (The old water pipes running along the old walls of the building, don’t seem safe).
4. Running: Running
Example: The boy feels tired after a long day of running to propose to his daughter for the exam (Man feeling tired after running all day to apply for his daughter’s exam).
– After a long period of social distancing, I took the dog to the park and he ran more than usual (After social distancing, I took my dog to the park and he was running more than usual).
5. Run: Go suddenly
Example: The reason why many youths run away from home is different from others (The reasons teens run away from home vary widely from person to person).
– It’s important to make sure that teens get your help when they’re trying to escape their predicament (It’s important to make sure that teens get your help when they’re trying to escape their predicament.).
6. Run down: Degraded, downhill, sluggish
Example: Since the Covid-19 pandemic the store has changed hands and has recently become quite rundown (Since the Covid-19 pandemic, the store has changed hands and has been pretty sluggish lately).
7. Meet: By chance
Example: She met James on the street in town on a Friday and then fell in love (She met James on a city street on a Friday and fell in love with him).
– This project has generated millions of dollars in profit without any difficulties (This project suddenly made a million dollar profit without any trouble).
8. Run out: Tired, exhausted
Example: They have run out of ideas how to design a street wall with fresh flowers (They have run out of ideas how to design a wall on the street with fresh flowers).
-We ran out of sugar for baking, I’m going to the store to buy (We’re out of cake sugar, I’ll go buy some).
9. Run through: Run, try, practice
Example: The cast played the play one more time before they made their public appearance last week (The cast rehearsed the drama again before they performed it publicly last week).
-Thoughts of revenge kept running through his mind after they parted (Thoughts of revenge kept swirling in his mind as they parted).
Dinh Thi Thai Ha