Want to plant? trees then must know how to nourish the roots, when the roots are up, the new plant will absorb enough nutrients and water, and then convert it into its own nutrition through the process of photosynthesis. Thus, the new bonsai is lush and blooming brilliantly.
To develop the roots of bonsai, you must first learn how to water them. The fact that you can properly water bonsai is a big difficulty in growing flowers and ornamental plants.
As long as you water it wrong, the bonsai is easy to “go out”. It is not an exaggeration to say that: “80% of ornamental plants that die are related to watering”.
Without a doubt, watering bonsai is also a skill, easy to learn but difficult to master. The saying “it takes ten years to make a new plant” comes from this reason, but there’s no need to worry if you keep these 5 watering recipes in mind.
If you know well, even if you are a new player, you will not worry about “watering the tree to death”. Let’s see what formula it is?
1. Soil must be dry and well watered for bonsai
Most bonsai lovers know this recipe literally. That is when the potting soil is completely dry, then water it and when watering, it must be watered thoroughly.
First, let’s talk about the dryness of the soil. How to judge if the soil is completely dry? There are many methods. Experienced people can look at the surface of the potted soil, or weigh the weight of the bonsai pot, observe the bonsai to know if it’s time to water or not.
2. Watering bonsai in the morning and evening in the summer and noon in the winter
In the summer the weather is very hot, it is recommended to water in the morning and evening, in the winter the temperature is low, if watering should choose a sunny afternoon, this is the meaning of watering in the morning and evening of the summer. .
In the summer, the temperature is very high, the temperature of the potted flower pot increases rapidly, the flower’s roots are in a high temperature environment.
If a basin of water is poured in, the roots will be stimulated and the root capillaries will shrink suddenly. With the rapid increase in temperature, because the soil in the pot becomes more humid, it is like taking a sauna, and the roots cannot withstand such an environment.
It is best to water the flowers before 6 am and after 5 pm, in these two periods there will be a buffer time to water the flowers, after the potting soil has absorbed enough water.
The excess water will be quickly discharged. Therefore, after each watering, it is necessary to have good ventilation so that the soil can recover quickly and be less affected by temperature rise.
In winter, the situation is completely opposite to that of summer, it is too cold in the morning and evening, it is possible to water only at noon.
During the dormant period, the growth of ornamental plants is slow or stagnant, they need very little water or even no water. Illustration Istockphoto
3. Water less during dormancy, water more during growth
During the growing period, the growth rate of ornamental plants is markedly accelerated. Then the demand for water is also higher and you need to provide enough water, water more.
In the dormant period, the growth of bonsai is slow or stagnant, they need very little water or even no water. Therefore, you need little or no watering.
Bonsai is in a dormant period, whether it is dormant in the summer or dormant in the winter, their metabolism will become very slow.
At this time, their own water and nutrients have been consumed, so in the winter we often hear the bonsai seller remind: “Cut the water for the plants”, meaning there is no need to water when the bonsai is hibernating in winter. .
However, during the summer hibernation period, due to the evaporation of water, it is still necessary to water the bonsai. You can probe to see if the potting soil is really dry and then pour the water as shown above.
Spring and autumn is the period when flowers grow most vigorously, ornamental plants need a lot of water and nutrients, especially water.
Not enough nutrients can lead to maximum growth retardation of bonsai, but not enough water will cause the bonsai to yellow leaves, drop leaves, even dry and die.
At this time, you need to pay attention to the “dry-wet” process to water the bonsai in time. If the surface of the soil is cracked white, then watering will be carried out.
Do not think about what kind of ornamental plants are watered every few days, but every tree needs to wait for it to dry completely before watering. Too much watering will only kill the plant.
4. Bonsai likes to water a lot, drought-tolerant plants to water less
Plants are divided into two types: hydrophilic and drought tolerant. Water-loving ornamental plants should be watered a lot and drought-tolerant plants should be watered less. You need to understand this.
But how do you know if a plant is water-loving or drought-tolerant? When buying bonsai, most tree sellers will tell you. If you really don’t know, you can observe the tree shape to determine.
Drought tolerant ornamental plants must have some external characteristics such as succulents, cacti, tiger tongue, eternal tree, desert rose… But if the plant does not have these characteristics, it is not a drought tolerant species. term.
Of course, this is certainly not absolute. So when we plant a new bonsai, we have to “do our homework” first. It is to learn the growth habits of the bonsai you plant, determine whether the bonsai is a drought tolerant species, needs to be watered more or less…
5. Bonsai likes “sour water”
Today’s ornamental plants, with the exception of a very few, are basically maple trees. These ornamental plants generally prefer acidic growth environments. When growing this bonsai, we use acidic soil, acidic fertilizer, acidic water source… which is good for bonsai.
The source of water is slightly acidic, it should be like river water, rain water…. And this is also one of the reasons why outdoor flowers grow better than indoor environments, because it can often be nourished by the rain outside.
Indoor plants are usually watered with tap water. After long-term use, the soil will be alkaline and dry.
If conditions permit, you should regularly move bonsai outdoors in the rain so that the alkaline in the potted plants is washed away, and at the same time slows down the time of alkalization and hardening of the soil.
If you use tap water for long-term watering, it is best not to connect the water pipe directly to water the plants. You can find a large bucket, fill it with tap water first, and leave it in a well-lit environment for a bit. day and then used to water ornamental plants. This is much better for bonsai.
The watering of ornamental plants is completely based on the accumulation of experience. When you are just starting to grow bonsai, if you do not water a few pots, you will certainly not learn how to water seriously.
at Blogtuan.info – Source: Eva.vn – Read the original article here