Rotavirus has a total of 7 types, numbered with the letters A, B, C, D, E, F and G. Of which the most common and infectious to humans is type A, then B and C. Most children will get this virus one or more times. Adults can also be affected, but the symptoms will be relatively mild.
The main route of transmission of rotavirus is the fecal-oral route. Specifically, you will get the virus if you come into contact with an infected person’s stool or objects contaminated with their feces and then touch their mouth. It is also possible to spread the infection through eating food or drinking water contaminated with the virus.
7 common symptoms of Rotavirus infection
The course of the Rota virus usually lasts 6-7 days. In which fever for 1-2 days, vomiting for 2-3 days and diarrhea for about 5 days. These symptoms often go hand in hand, especially severe diarrhea can lead to death due to dehydration.
In tropical countries like ours, Rota virus is active all year round, especially during the season change, high humidity, erratic weather like today. Therefore, quickly take your child to the hospital if the following symptoms are detected:
– Diarrhea accompanied by fever: infants under three months have a fever above 38 degrees, infants from three months to three years of age have a fever above 39 degrees.
– Constant vomiting, unable to eat or drink.
– Severe abdominal pain that does not go away.
– Symptoms of dehydration such as dry mouth, thirst, crying without tears…
Incontinence or inability to urinate for more than 4 hours.
– Poor mental status or coma.
Coffee-colored vomit or stools, blood in the vomit or stool is suspected.
– Some children still have a persistent cough combined with a runny nose and sore throat.
6 ways to prevent rotavirus
Although medicine is increasingly advanced, up to now, there has been no specific treatment for Rota virus. Therefore, it is important to prevent it early in the following 6 ways:
– Use of vaccines: according to WHO recommendations, Rota vaccine should be given to children from 2 months of age.
– Regularly pay attention to personal hygiene, wash hands before meals, especially practice hand washing habits for children. Parents should also wash their hands promptly after helping their children to defecate.
– Ensure water hygiene, do not eat raw or undercooked meat, wash vegetables before eating raw.
– Avoid close contact with patients with acute gastroenteritis or diarrhea.
– Children’s toys and personal belongings need to be disinfected regularly.
– Manage manure, handle manure very well (use septic tank, 2-compartment latrine), do not use fresh manure to fertilize trees and fruits.
In addition, should also have a reasonable diet, healthy activities, exercise habits from a young age to strengthen the immune system. Thereby reducing the risk of infection as well as the harmful effects of Rota virus.
Source and photo: Sohu, WHO, Asia One
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