Cold Food Festival is an opportunity for Vietnamese people to look back on their roots, ancestors and remember those who have died.
The actual 2022 Korean New Year is on the 3rd day of the 3rd lunar month, which is the 3rd Sunday in the solar calendar. According to people’s beliefs, on this day, homeowners often offer floating cakes and vegetarian cakes to honor grandparents.
On the 3rd day of the 3rd lunar month, family make floating cakes, vegetarian cakes to worship grandparents, ancestors and do not abstain from burning fire. In many places, our people also bake vegetarian cakes to worship the gods.
Source Korean New Year’s Day
In the Chinese sense, “Han” is cold, “authentic” is eating, and Korean New Year’s is actually eating cold food. This traditional custom originated in China according to thrilling stories passed down from generation to generation.
According to cultural researchers, the actual Korean New Year in Vietnam comes from the Chinese classics. Back then in the Spring and Autumn Dynasties, King Tan Van Cong of the Jin state, experienced a riot, had to leave the country in exile, now lives in the state of Qi, and in the future lives in the state of Chu.
At that time, there was a sage named Gioi Tu Thoi, who followed the King to help with his plans. One day, on his way to flee, because his food ran out, Gioi Tu Thoi had to secretly cut a piece of his thigh meat and cook it for the King. When the king finished eating, he found out, and was very grateful.
Gioi Tu Thoi followed Tan Van Cong for 19 years, going through many hardships and dangers together. Later, Tan Van Cong regained the throne and became King Tan again, giving awards to those who had meritorious merits when perishing, but forgot the merits of Gioi Tu Thoi.
Gioi Tu Thoi does not hold a grudge, thinking that he can do anything, which is also meaningful, but not worth mentioning. Thinking so, Gioi Tu Thoi came home to take his mother to Dien Son mountain to hide.
Tan Van Cong then remembered, sending someone to search. Gioi Tu Thoi refused to leave Dien Son to receive gifts, Tan Van Cong ordered to burn the forest, wanting to force Gioi Tu Thoi to come out, but he definitely refused to comply. In the end, the mother and son died in the fire.
The merciful king built temples and ordered his people not to burn fire for 3 days, only to eat cold food prepared for the commemoration (about from the 3rd to the 5th of the third lunar month every year).
Even though Korean New Year actually comes from China, Vietnamese New Year still has its own nuances. This is an opportunity for Vietnamese people to look back on their roots and remember the virtues of their ancestors.
On this day, the Vietnamese do not distance themselves from the fire, still cooking as usual. What’s special is that Vietnamese people also make floating cakes, vegetarian dumplings are cold foods that symbolize the true Korean New Year.
Korean New Year is truly an opportunity for Vietnamese to look back at their roots, ancestors and remember those who have died.
The meaning of floating cakes, vegetarian cakes in the original Korean New Year
Although the origins of Korean New Year actually come from China, in Vietnam, this day is not a tribute to Tu Thoi but has deep national meaning.
On the 3rd day of the 3rd lunar month, families bake floating cakes and vegetarian cakes to honor their grandparents and not avoid the blazing fire. In many places, our people also bake vegetarian cakes to worship the gods. The dishes cooked on this occasion are made to honor the ancestors with the meaning that the descendants have one heart towards the ancestors and their roots.
In particular, on this occasion, people who left their hometowns would reunite with their families, go to the graves of the deceased and regroup for a family meal.
In the third lunar month, the weather begins to warm up, preparing to enter summer. Vietnamese people invented floating cakes, vegetarian cakes are cold and cold food. This dish is sweet and delicious, perfect for a hot day.
According to cultural experts, the use of floating cakes and vegetarian cakes for worship also carries many good meanings. It represents wet rice culture. Both cakes are made from fragrant glutinous rice flour, the result of hard work to be presented to grandparents.
In addition, this vegetarian cake is also reminiscent of the story of “wrapping a hundred eggs Au Co’s mother”. The floating cake symbolizes 50 eggs that hatch into 50 children who go to the forest to follow their mother. The vegetarian cake symbolizes 50 eggs that hatch into 50 children who follow their father to the sea.
Therefore, the true Korean New Year for the Vietnamese mainly means going back to the roots, remembering the merits of the deceased.
The vegetarian cake is also reminiscent of the story of “wrapping a hundred eggs of Au Co’s mother”.
(Information article for reference only!)
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