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Ovarian cancer is a type of malignant cancer that begins in the ovaries. The female reproductive system has two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is the size of an almond and is responsible for producing eggs and the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Ovarian cancer, like most other diseases, if detected early, with timely treatment from stage 1, has a 95% chance of surviving more than 5 years after detection. This figure also depends on many other factors such as health status, age, medical history…
If the disease is detected later, the survival rate is lower. Specifically, if detected in stage 2, the 5-year survival rate is about 70%, stage 3 is about 39%. If detected at an advanced stage, the survival rate is very low, the tumor has metastasized far, the treatment capability is difficult and the efficiency is low.
Worryingly, this deadly disease often goes undetected until it spreads to the pelvis and abdomen. At this stage the disease is more difficult to treat. Cancer that is in its early stages, which grows only in the ovaries, is more likely to be successfully treated.
Although there are no obvious symptoms in the early stages, there are groups of people who are more likely to develop ovarian cancer than others. Take the quiz below to see if you are at risk.